Bharata Ratna

Click on the Image to see the list of People who was awarded

The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted in 1954, the award is conferred "in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include "any field of human endeavour" in December 2011

Obverse

An image of the Sun along with the words "Bharat Ratna", inscribed in Devanagari script, on a peepal leaf.

Reverse

A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth always wins) in Devanagari script.

First awarded

Bharata Ratna was first awarded in the year 1954 to politician C. Rajagopalachari.

On 2 January 1954, a press communique was released from the office of the secretary to the President announcing the creation of two civilian awards - Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award, and the three-tier Padma Vibhushan.

There is no formal provision that recipients of the Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens. It has been awarded to a naturalised Indian citizen, Mother Teresa in 1980, and to two non-Indians, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan of Pakistan in 1987 and the former South African president Nelson Mandela in 1990.













- Facebook | - Twitter | - Google+ | - YouTube | - Mail
Meritpath...Way to Success!

Meritpath provides well organized smart e-learning study material with balanced passive and participatory teaching methodology. Meritpath is on-line e-learning education portal with dynamic interactive hands on sessions and worksheets.