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Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
  • Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on 5 September 1888 was an Indian philosopher and statesman
  • In 1954, the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, was conferred to Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.
  • Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the first Vice President of India (1952-1962) and the second President of India from 1962 to 1967.
  • One of India's most distinguished twentieth-century scholars of comparative religion and philosophy.
  • His academic appointments included the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta (1921-1932) and Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics at University of Oxford (1936-1952).
  • His philosophy was grounded in Advaita Vedanta, reinterpreting this tradition for a contemporary understanding.
  • He defended Hinduism against "uninformed Western criticism", contributing to the formation of contemporary Hindu identity.
  • He has been influential in shaping the understanding of Hinduism, in both India and the west, and earned a reputation as a bridge-builder between India and the West.
  • Radhakrishnan was awarded several high awards during his life, including a knighthood in 1931, the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India, in 1954, and honorary membership of the British Royal Order of Merit in 1963.
  • Radhakrishnan believed that "teachers should be the best minds in the country". Since 1962, his birthday is celebrated in India as Teachers' Day on 5 September.

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