⛪Home⇐ Class VII The Kings of Vijayanagara


Mind Maps
 
VII_TS_SOC_tsVijayanagara/
 
 


Class VII - Social: The Kings of Vijayanagara
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) Vijayanagara was founded by two brothers named?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) Vijayanagara was located on the banks of?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) On the north of the Tungabhadra river,some new kingdoms called?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) Abdul Razzaq the Persian trader who visited in which year?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) Nicolo Conti from Italy visited Vijayanagara in which year?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) Ibrahim Qutub Shah was praised by poets as?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) The court of Sri Krishna Devaraya was adorned by eight poets known popularly as?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Short Answer Questions:
Q) Explain briefly about the City of Vijayanagara?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain briefly about the Krishnadevaraya?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain briefly about the Kings of Vijayanagara?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain briefly about Qutub Shahis of Golconda?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain briefly about Armies and Military Leaders?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) How do we know?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Long Answer Questions:
Q) Explain in detail about Qutub Shahis of Golconda?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain in detail about Krishnadevaraya ruler?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain in detail about Armies and Military Leaders?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain in detail about the Amaranayakas?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain in detail about the Kings of Vijayanagara?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain in detail about the City of Vijayanagara?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain the Kings of Vijayanagara?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain the Kings of Vijayanagara?
A)   Show/hide Answer



The Kings of Vijayanagara
  • Vijayanagara was founded by two brothers named Harihara Raya and Bukka Raya around 1336 AD with the blessings of a sage named Vidyaranya.
  • Vijayanagara means the 'City of Victory'.
  • Vijayanagara was located on the banks of Tungabhadra River in Karnataka.
  • After the family of Harihara Raya and Bukka Raya of Sangama dynasty, Saluva, Tuluva and Araviti families ruled the empire one after the other. Some of those kings spoke the language Kannada. But Sri KrishnaDevaraya gave due importance of Telugu language.
  • On the north of the Tungabhadra river,some new kingdoms called the Bahamani kingdoms arose. Initially, it was one large kingdom with its capital in Gulbarga. Later on, between 1489 and 1520 AD, it brokeup into five smaller kingdoms. Of these five kingdoms, Bijapur and Golconda ruled over large parts of the present day are in Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.

Founder of Vijayanagara
How do we know?

Nicolo Conti from Italy who visited Vijayanagara in 1420 AD, Abdul Razzak the Persian trader who visited in 1443 AD, the Portugese traveller Domingo Paes, who visited it in 1520 AD and Nuniz who wrote in 1537 AD about Vijayanagara.


Vijayanagara
The City of Vijayanagara

Archaeologists are of the opinion that the city had four separate divisions

  • The first one devoted to temples, situated on rocky hills
  • The second one on the valley, where crops were raised using water from irrigation channels.
  • The third, a royal centre in whichroyal palaces and residences of important nayakas were located.
  • The fourth one, allocated for the residences of ordinary towns folk. Each area was separated from the others.

bronze sculpture
Armies and Military Leaders
  • Vijayanagara rulers invested a lot of money in building their military power.
  • They imported a large number of horses from Arabia and Iran.
  • They recruited a large army and built many strong forts.
  • One of the important rulers, Devaraya-II of Vijayanagara, started recruiting Muslim fighters to serve him and to train his soldiers in the new modes of warfare.
  • He also permitted the construction of Mosques in the capital city where the muslim soldiers were garrisoned.
  • In thosedays, guns and cannons had been newly introduced.
  • The Vijayanagara kings started using guns and cannons in their forces.
  • The combination of firearms and cavalry (horse-riders)made them one of the most powerful armies in India.

Armies and Military Leaders
'Captains of the Troops' - the Amaranayakas
  • The 'captains' mentioned here were the nayakas.
  • These nayakas held amara revenue assignments - that is, they were given charge of some villages and cities whose revenue they could collect and use. They had an obligation to maintain a certain number of troops for keeping the revenue of such assignments.
  • They also administered the areas under their control.
  • They had judicial powers too (the power to judge criminals and give punishments).
  • Most of the amaranayakas were Telugu warriors.
  • They recruited their soldiers, usually from among their own villagers or kinsmen, and trained them.
Krishnadevaraya - The Ruler
  • Krishnadevaraya was a great general who led the Vijayanagara armies successfully against the Bahmani sultans and also against the Gajapatis of Odisha.
  • He also sub dued several chiefs who had revolted in Karnataka, Andhra and Tamil regions.
  • Krishnadevaraya paid special attention to the temples of his kingdom and personally visited many of them like Tirupati, Srisailam and Ahobilam.
  • Towering temple gate ways called 'Raya gopuram' were built in many of these temples in his honour.
  • His court was adorned by eight poets known popularly as "Ashtadiggajas". They are Allasani Peddana, Mukku Thimmana,Dhurjati, Ramaraja Bhushana, Tenali Ramakrishna, Pingali Surana, Ayyalaraju Ramabadhrudu and Madayagari Mallana.
  • While a part of the empire came under the control of the Sultans, the chiefs and Nayakas became independent in other parts.

Krishnadevaraya - The Ruler
Qutub Shahis of Golkonda, 1512 -1687
  • After the end of the Kakatiya kingdom, some of their subordinate nayakas established independent kingdoms. Of these,the Velama kingdoms of Rachakonda and Devarakonda were very strong and challenged the authority of the Vijayanagara emperors and the Bahamani kings.
  • Quli QutubShah who was a governor of the Bahmanis in Telangana region declared independence and established the Qutub Shahi dynasty of Golconda.
  • Quli Qutub Shah extended his rule by capturing forts at Warangal, Kondapalli, Eluru, and Rajahmundry. The main part of Golconda State was Telangana.
  • Sultan Ibrahim Qutub Shah (1550-80)patronized Telugu literature, supported Brahmins and temples and engaged in large-scale irrigation works like the Kakatiya kings.
  • Famous Telugu poets of Ibrahim Qutub Shah's period were Singanacharyudu, Addanki Gangadharudu,Kandukuru Rudrakavi and Ponnaganti Telaganarya were patronized by Ibrahim Qutub Shah.
  • Ibrahim Qutub Shah was praised by poets as "Malkibha-rama".Since they lived in captial Golkonda built HusssainSagar Lake in 1562 during the reign of Ibrahim Qutub Shah.It became main source of drinking water to Hyderabad.
  • Another tankat Ibrahim Patnam was also built by Ibrahim Qutub Shah.
  • Ibrahim's son Mohmmed Quli was a great visionary and was responsible for the planning and building of Hyderabad city.
  • Mir Momin Astarabadi,was the Architect of the City of Hyderabad during his time.
  • Mohammad Quli QutubShah built Mecca Masjid and Jama Masjid.
  • Quli QutubShah also constructed the Charminar, the most recognizable symbol of Hyderabad. He was also an accomplished poet in Persian and Urdu,of Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah.
  • She built Hayat Bakshi Mosque located in Hayathnagar, near Hyderabad.She was also known as MaaSaheba, Masab Tank is adistorted version of Maa-Sahaba Tank.
  • Abul - Hasan Tana Shah was the last and the most popular ruler of Qutub Shahi Dynasty.
  • During the Qutub Shahi period, Golconda was known all over the world for its famous diamonds. At that time, Machilipatnam became a major port from where trade was carried out with South East Asia, China, Persia, Arabia and Europe.
  • Right from the times of Ibrahim QutubShah, the Mughals were keen on conquering this wealthy kingdom and eventually succeeded under Aurangazeb when he captured the fort of Golconda in the year 1687.

Qutub Shah of Golkonda
- Facebook | - Twitter | - Google+ | - YouTube | - Mail
Meritpath...Way to Success!

Meritpath provides well organized smart e-learning study material with balanced passive and participatory teaching methodology. Meritpath is on-line e-learning education portal with dynamic interactive hands on sessions and worksheets.