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Class VII - Social: Making of Laws in the State Assembly
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) The Chief Minister will select the?
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Q) Before a law is passed, the proposed law is called?
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Q) After being passed by both the chambers and after the approval of the Governor, it becomes a law and is called?
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Q) The laws are made by the?
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Q) MLAs are elected by the people just as?
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Q) The number of constituencies in a state will depend upon its?
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Q) In popular terms, the Cabinet is also called the?
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Q) The Chief Minister allots different ministries to the members of the?
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Q) Which famous person Legislative Assembly dissolved earlier?
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Q) Which famous person elected by the people just as panchayat members are elected?
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Q) How many years Legislative Assembly of every State?
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Q) Cabinet is also called?
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Q) Proposed law is called?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) Explain briefly about legislative Assembly?
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Q) Explain briefly about Making Law?
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Q) Explain briefly about Formation of Government?
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Q) Explain briefly about Assembly Constituency?
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Q) Explain briefly about Election of MLA?
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Q) Write a short note on MLA (1) and MLA (2)?
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Q) Write a short note on MLA (3) and MLA (4)?
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Q) Write a short note on MLA (5) and MLA (6)?
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Q) Write a short note on Minister?
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Q) Write a short note on Election of MLA?
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Q) Write a short note on Formation of Government?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) Explain in detail about discussions in the Assembly?
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Q) Explain in detail about Council of Ministers?
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Q) Explain in detail about the State Assembly?
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Q) Explain in detail about Assembly Constituency?
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Q) Explain in detail about Election of MLA?
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Q) Explain in detail about Formation of Government?
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Q) Explain the The Making of Laws?
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Q) Explain the Legislative Assembly?
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Making of Laws in the State Assembly

The laws are made by the Legislative Assemblies and the Parliament. The Constitution of India lays down how these bodies can make laws. They make laws according to some procedures


Making Law
Legislative Assembly
  • Our state Assembly has 119 members (MLAs) who are elected by the people just as panchayat members are elected.
  • The normal tenure of the Legislative Assembly of every State is for five years but it may be dissolved earlier by the Governor. Likewise, its term can be extended by one year at a time by the Parliament during a National emergency.

Legislative Assembly
Assembly Constituency
  • There are 119 constituencies in the Telangana state.
  • The number of constituencies in a state will depend upon its population.
  • A constituency in Telangana has about 1,70,000 voters.
  • All men and women of 18 years of age or above have the right to vote. They have to get their names registered as voters in the area where they live.
  • Each constituency comprises of a number of villages, towns and cities. A big city like Hyderabad is divided into thirteen constituencies.

Assembly Constituency
Election of MLA
  • In elections, political parties play a major role.
  • All political parties and candidates come out with election manifestos.
  • The candidates and their supporters conduct campaigns by holding meetings and visiting the voters door to door.
  • On the election day, people vote one by one.
  • The officer in the booth is responsible for checking the identity of the voters.
  • In most cases, the Election Commission has given Voter Identity Cards to all the voters After voting, all votes are counted on a scheduled date and candidate who secures the highest number of the votes is declared elected.

Election of MLA
Formation of Government
  • The majority members will elect one member among themselves as their leader.
  • He or she will be made the Chief Minister of the state by the Governor.
  • The Chief Minister will select the MLA's from the party to be ministers. Together, they will be called the Cabinet (or ministry).
  • In popular terms, the Cabinet is also called the 'Government'.
  • The Cabinet is responsible for implementation of the laws, for preparing and passing new laws and welfare schemes in the Assembly.

Formation of Government
Council of Ministers
  • The Chief Minister allots different ministries to the members of the Cabinet - he or she makes someone the Finance Minister, the Education Minister or the Home Minister, and so on.
  • The Minister directs the policies in the departments under his or her charge.
  • These policies are implemented according to the rules by officials of the departments.
  • The ministry is responsible for preparing policies and plans which are then submitted to the Assembly for approval.

Council of Ministers
The State Assembly
  • The Assembly has to approve all the laws, policies and levying of taxes by the government. Before giving approval, the members discuss the proposals very carefully and different points of views are expressed.
  • The minister of the concerned department has to make enquiries and find suitable solutions.
  • The ministers and the cabinet, including the Chief Minister, are answerable to the Assembly that is, they have to answer any questions raised by a member with regard to their work. If the answer is not satisfactory, the members may force the concerned minister to resign.

The State Assembly
The Making of Laws

Before a law is passed, the proposed law is called a 'Bill'. After being passed by both the chambers and after the approval of the Governor, it becomes a law and is called an 'Act' of the state legislature.

Discussions in the Assembly

Let us read an imaginary example of the discussions that can take place in the Legislative Assembly.

  • MLA (1): Honourable Speaker, due to lack of rain for the past three years, the groundwater level in my constituency has decreased too much. The Government has not taken any steps in this regard. Moreover, there has been an increase in the number of borewells.
  • MLA (2): Hon. Speaker, yes it is true. The situation in my constituency is no better. The work of the officials is not satisfactory. The people have to walk a long distance to fetch drinking water.
  • MLA (3): Hon. Speaker, the Government should provide money to strengthen the bunds of the tanks, remove the silt, and should take suitable steps to store the rain water during rainy seasons. Moreover, trees should be planted on the bunds to prevent breaching of the tank bunds.
  • MLA (4): Hon. Speaker, the Government is aware of the situation. It has already taken up the necessary measures to prevent further damage. The Mandals affected by the depletion of groundwater have been identified.
  • MLA (5) : Hon. Speaker, the opposition should appreciate the steps taken and should offer constructive suggestions.They should not unnecessarily criticise the Government. Bunds were built on the hill slopes in my constituencies and as a result, there has been considerable rise in the level of groundwater in my constituency. Government officials are within the reach of the people.
  • MLA (6) : Hon. Speaker, the Industrial units in my area are discharging polluted water into the river and it has adverse effects on the health of the people. I would like to know the steps being taken by the government in this regard since drinking water is a serious issue in my constituency.
  • Minister: Honable Speaker, the Government has great concern for the health of the people. It has taken up all the remedial and protective measures in the drought prone mandals. Development of tanks, plantation of trees, and banning sand mining are some of them. The Government takes into consideration the suggestions of the honourable members and also seeks the support of all for the successful implementation of the programme.

Assembly
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