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Class VII - Social: The Kakatiyas - Emergence of a Regional Kingdom
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) Rudradeva built a big fort, a tank and a temple called?
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Q) A famous traveller from Italy, called?
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Q) Rudramadevi ruled from?
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Q) Rudrama and her grandson Prataparudra gave them high positions and the title of?
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Q) Sultan Muhammad bin Tughlaq defeated which Kakatiyan ruler?
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Q) Who among the kakatiya rulers ruled a Long period?
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Q) kakatiya fort was constructed in how many kilometers?
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Q) After 1190 AD, a new kingdom was established in Delhi. The new kings were called?
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Q) Who started construction of orugallu?
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Q) In which place,the thousand pillar temple was established?
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Q) Vijayanagara is located on the banks of which River in Karnataka?
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Q) Which famous person ruled from 1509 AD to 1529 AD?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) What is Trade?
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Q) Explain briefly about Rudrama Devi?
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Q) Explain briefly about Nayankara System?
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Q) Explain briefly about the Kakatiyas?
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Q) Explain briefly about the End of the Kakatiyas?
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Q) Write a short note on Raya gopuram?
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Q) Write a short note on City of Vijayanagara?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) Explain in detail about the Kakatiyas?
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Q) Explain in detail about Rudrama Devi?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain in detail about Nayankara System?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain in detail about encouragement to Agriculture and Temples in Kakatiyas rulers?
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Q) Explain in detail about the End of the Kakatiyas?
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Q) Explain the Trade?
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Q) Explain the Rudrama Devi?
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Q) Explain the Qutub Shahis of Golkonda, 1512 -1687?
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Q) Explain the Armies and Military Leaders?
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The Kakatiyas - Emergence of a Regional Kingdom

The new ruling families that emerged all over India. Establish small kingdoms over agricultural villages and to enable their herder-followers to settle down as agriculturalists. These ambitious warriors and kings fought against each other constantly. Amidst this situation, the Kakatiya kingdom arose in Warangal.We have a large number of inscriptions. which tell us about the activities of the kings, queens, chiefs, farmers, herders and traders. There are also a number books written about them in Sanskrit and Telugu. Vidyanatha wrote Prathaparudra Yashobhushanam during the Kakatiya rule. The Kakatiya kings tried to build a Telugu regional consciousness. The Kakatiyas emerged as independent rulers after the fall of the Western Chalukyas.During Rudradeva's rule (1158-1195 AD), the capital was shifted from Anmakonda to Orugallu (Warangal). Rudradeva built a big fort, a tank and a temple called Thousand Pillared Temple in Anmakonda. The city buildings and palaces were within this stone wall. It had four gates opening out into the east, west, north and south. This temple too had four gates in the four directions. The city itself was divided into several quarters or vadas.


The Kakatiyas
Rudrama Devi

Rudramadevi ruled from Orugallu (modern Warangal) and belonged to the famous Kakatiya family. She ruled from 1262 AD to 1289 AD for nearly 27 years. A famous traveller from Italy, called Marco Polo visited Rudramadevi's kingdom and said that she was fearless, dressed herself like a man and rode horses with ease. Rudrama and her grandson Prataparudra faced many revolts and took several steps to control these chiefs. But Kayastha Ambadeva, one of her subordinates revolted against her. In the war that took place at Chandupatla, in Nalgonda district, Rudrammadevi lost her life.


Rudrama Devi
Nayankara System

Rudrama and her grandson Prataparudra gave them high positions and the title of Nayaka. They were given the authority over several villages from where they could collect taxes. These villages were called their Nayankara. Each nayaka had to maintain a stipulated amount of army from the income they got from their nayankara for the service of the king. But they did not keep these villages permanently as they could be transferred at the will of the king to a new place.


Nayankara System
Encouragement to Agriculture and Temples

Apart from the members of the royal family and other feudal families, the rich sections of the society such as merchants and artisans participated in expanding agriculture through the construction of tanks. The Kakatiyas also extensively patronised temples by donating to them. Women members of the royal family like Muppamamba, and Mailamma made land grants. By promoting agriculture, they derived income in the form of taxes and agricultural produce.


Agriculture Minister
Trade

Warriors, chiefs and kings derived a large portion of their income by taxing traders, especially those who engaged in overseas trade from the ports.

The End of the Kakatiyas

Sultan Mohammad bin Tugluq was able to defeat Kakatiya Prataparudra in 1323 AD. Thus ended the Kakatiya dynasty.Sometime around 1190 AD, a new kingdom was established in Delhi. The new kings were called Sultans and they originally came from Turkistan. They had a powerful army and were able to defeat most of the kings of North India and the Deccan before long.


Delhi Sultanate
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