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Class VII - Social: Handicrafts and Handlooms
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) People involved in basket making and live in different parts of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh are called?
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Q) Which is the main tool required for weaving?
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Q) Silk yarn is?
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Q) Dyeing the yarn is a?
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Q) The yarn is first soaked in a mixture of?
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Q) Weavers face a stiff competition from?
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Q) Which of the following is used for making gunny bags?
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Q) Which of the following grows best in a black soil and warm climate?
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Q) Yarns is made from very thin strands called?
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Q) Which one of the following is not a natural fibre?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) What is Cooperative Societies?
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Q) What is Dyeing yarn?
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Q) Explain briefly about Weaving a Saree?
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Q) What is Handloom?
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Q) Explain briefly about Basket Makers?
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Q) Write a short note on cotton or silk?
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Q) Write a short note on Eruka chepputa?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) Explain about Basket Makers?
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Q) Explain about Handloom Weavers in Pochampally?
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Q) Explain about Tools?
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Q) Explain in detail about Stages of Weaving a Saree?
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Q) Explain in detail about Weavers Problems and Cooperative Societies?
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Q) Explain the Dyeing yarn?
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Q) Explain the Basket Makers?
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Handicrafts and Handlooms
Basket Makers

People involved in basket making and live in different parts of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh are called 'Yerukula' after their women's traditional profession of fortune telling 'Eruka chepputa' (Sodhi). People of this tribe speak 'Yerukula basha' . Words from Telugu, Tamil and Kannada languages are used in this language.



Basket Makers
Handloom Weavers in Pochampally

Pochampally sarees have a unique design and colour which is quite distinct from other silk sarees. That is why it is the first handloom cloth patented in India.Pochampally is a small town in Nalgonda district in Telangana. The weavers here produce unique sarees called Ikkat sarees, which are world famous.



Pochampally Weavers
Tools

For weavers, it is important to know the plan of the design to weave the saree.Weavers own the wooden loom, which is the main tool required for weaving. Apart from it, they also use small knives



Tools for the weaving
Stages of Weaving a Saree

The first is preparing the yarn. Silk yarn is wound on a bobbin. These yarns are then marked with the design. These markings of the designs help the weaver to identify what colours need to be dyed into which part of the yarn. Dyeing the yarn is a long repeated process.



Stages of weaving a Saree
Dyeing yarn

For this the yarn is first soaked in a mixture of castor oil and alkaline earth, then dried, soaked again, dipped in alizarin paste and finally boiled till it becomes red. For the brown shades, iron filings are added to the colour. Dissolving iron filings in vinegar produces black colour.



Dyeing yarn
Weaver's Problems and Cooperative Societies

Weavers face a stiff competition from power loom and mill made clothes - these clothes are cheaper as they are produced on machines and also because they use synthetic yarn which is cheaper than cotton or silk. Even though it is popular due to its high quality and unique beauty, the Pochampally saree seems to be expensive. The weavers also do not get good rates due to middle men's involvement Weavers have to rely on middlemen to know about the designs in vogue and change their designs accordingly. They also have to depend on middlemen to the raw material like cotton or silk yarn.So, the cooperative societies should provide work and save the distressed weaving families from the master weavers.



Weaver's Problems
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