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Class VII - Social: Folk Religion
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) Yellamma is also called as?
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Q) We worship which goddess for the safety of fisherman?
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Q) Write the other name of Maisamma?
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Q) Bonalu festival is celebrated in which state?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) The women devotees also carry brass vessels or clay pots filled with?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) Pochamma is the most popular?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) Which District located in Taadwai mandal?
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Q) Which mandal located inJahangeer Peer dargah?
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Q) Which century two brothers from Iraq named Sayyed Gousuddin and Sayyad Buranoddin came here, then it was a forest area, spent in the devine thought for some years and ended their lives?
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Q) How many years the Medaram Jatara is organised once?
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Q) Who is the father of Saralamma, Nagulamma and Jampanna?
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Q) Which district Jahangeer Peer dargah is located in Kothur mandal ?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) What are Folk Religions?
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Q) What are the Community Worship of Folk Deities?
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Q) Explain briefly about antiquity of Folk Traditions?
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Q) What is Folk Wisdom?
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Q) What is Folk Traditions?
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Q) Write a short note on Moharram?
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Q) Write a short note on Jahangeer Peer Dargah - A Symbol of Religious Tolerance?
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Q) Write a short note on Pochamma?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Write a short note on Maisamma?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Write a short note on Beerappa and Katama Raju?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Long Answer Questions:
Q) Explain in detail about Folk Religion?
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Q) Explain in detail about Community Worship of Folk Deities?
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Q) Explain in detail about the antiquity of Folk Traditions?
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Q) Explain in detail about the intermixing of Village deities and High Religious traditions?
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Q) Explain in detail about Folk Wisdom and Higher Religion?
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Q) Explain the antiquity of Folk Traditions?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain the antiquity of Folk Traditions?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain the Sammakka and Sarakka?
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Folk - Religion


Religions
  • Many people in our country worship and pay reverence to gods in large temples, churches or mosques.
  • On the other hand, people also worship many village deities.
  • There are a large number of village deities - some of them belong to particular castes, or particular villages or even particular families. Some of the more common goddesses are as follows:
Pochamma:

Pochamma is the most popular folk goddess of Telangana.In villages, people of all castes go to the shrine with bonalu on special occasions. They wash the deity and clean the shrine area. They offer a part of the bonam and sometimes also offer a chicken or a sheep.

Maisamma:

She is believed to protect the cattle. Among the cattle sheds, a niche is whitewashed and decorated with Kumkuma and called as Maisamma Goodu. In many places, Katta-Maisamma is also worshipped as a goddess of water in the form of a small stone on the tank bund. People believe that she will ensure that the tank is full. Thus, the crops would flourish due to her blessings.

Gangamma:

She is a water goddess who protects fishermen who go out into the sea. It is believed that the poor and the orphans are protected by the goddess Gangamma.

Yellamma:

Yellamma is also called as Polimeramma, Maridamma, Renuka Mahankali, Jogamma, Somalamma and by other names.

Potharaju:

The farmers of Telangana believe that Potharaju looks after their agricultural lands and crops and protects the crops from dreadful diseases, thieves and animals. The farmers keep a small stone painted in white in a corner of their fields.

Beerappa and Katama Raju:

They are worshipped by cowherd and shepherd communities. They are considered protectors of cattle and sheep.

Community Worship of Folk Deities
Sammakka and Sarakka (Medaram) Jatara:
  • It is a celebration by the tribal people of Taadwai mandal in Warangal District at Medaram village.
  • People from Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Chattisgarh, and Jharkhand assemble to celebrate the jatara. Nearly one crore people attend it.

folk deities
Moharram (Peerilu) and Urs
  • The Muslims also pay their respects to the heroes who fought against evil.
  • One such festival is Moharram, which commemorates the battle of Karbala (in Iraq) in which the grandson of Prophet Mohammad was killed.
  • Processions (Peeri) with decorated Tazias are taken out in which people of all communities participate.
  • A peeri is prepared with bamboo strips in a dome shape. It is covered with glittering clothes.
  • A bamboo pole is fixed in the dome to handle the peeri and at the top, metallic crescent or palm shape is attached to it. Finally, it is garlanded with flowers and coconuts.
  • Urs or anniversaries of Muslim saints, who lie buried in various parts of the state, are celebrated.

Muharram
Jahangeer Peer Dargah - A Symbol of Religious Tolerance
  • Jahangeer Peer dargah is located in Kothur mandal of Mahabubnagar district.
  • It is said that in the late 15th century two brothers from Iraq named Sayyed Gousuddin and Sayyad Buranoddin came here, then it was a forest area, spent in the divine thought for some years and ended their lives.
  • Everyday numerous visitors around Hyderabad visit this dargah. Devotees from different states visit on Thursdays and Sundays when special offerings are made.

Jahangeer PEER dargah
Bonalu
  • Bonalu is one of the folk festivals popular in the Telangana state.
  • The Godesses are worshipped and offered food, which is later shared among the family members.
  • Women folk participate in the procession carrying Ghatams or ornamented pots filled with flowers on their heads.
  • The women devotees also carry brass vessels or clay pots filled with cooked rice and decorated with neem leaves.

Bonalu
The antiquity of Folk Traditions
  • You many have noticed by now that the folk deities are worshipped quite differently from the Gods in large temples, mosques or churches.
  • Most of these deities are worshipped by all people irrespective of their caste or religion or economic status.

antiquity of Folk Traditions

The intermixing of Village deities and High Religious traditions

In India, there has been a constant process of interaction between different kinds of people and their religions leading to intermixture of traditions. Thus, religious beliefs which originate in folk worship and folk wisdom are gradually adopted by higher religions and the folk religious beliefs also adopt a lot from the higher religions. Thus, high religious traditions too worship peepul tree, snakes and the mother goddess.


intermixing of Village deities and High Religious traditions
Folk Wisdom and Higher Religion

Many saints like Kabir, Yogi Vemana and many sufi saints who came from the common people expressed their deeper religious ideas. They also combined the ideas preached by the higher religions with that of the common people.


Assam Bihu
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