⛪Home⇐ Class VII Devotional Paths to the Divine


Mind Maps
 
VII_TS_SOC_tsDevotional_Divine/
 
 


Class VII - Social: Devotional Paths to the Divine
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) Muslim scholars developed a holy law called?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) Pothana was called?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) The Virashaiva movement began in?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) Sufis were?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) Kancherla Gopanna popularly known as?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) Thallapaka Annamacharya was a popular saint-composer of?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) Annamayya dedicated his life to composing and singing the glories of?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) They are Vaishnavas who understand the pain of others-. Who said this?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) Which state the Virashaiva movement began?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) Ramanuja, born in South India in the which century?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Short Answer Questions:
Q) Explain briefly about Islam and Sufism?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain briefly about Kabir?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain briefly about Guru Nanak?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) What is Philosophy and Bhakti?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain briefly about Siddhas and Yogis?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Write a short note on Nathpanthis, Siddhas and Yogis?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Write a short note on Basavanna Virashaivism?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Write a short note on The Saints of Maharashtra?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Long Answer Questions:
Q) Explain in detail about new Religious Developments in India?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain in detail about Philosophy and Bhakti?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain in detail about Basavannas Virashaivism?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain in detail about Nathpanthis, Siddhas and Yogis?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain in detail about the Saints of Maharashtra?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain in detail about Saints?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain the Islam and Sufism??
A)   Show/hide Answer



Devotional Paths to the Divine
Philosophy and Bhakti
  • Shankara, one of the most influential philosophers of India, was born in Kerala in the eighth century.
  • He was an advocate of Advaita or the doctrine of the oneness of the individual soul and the Supreme God, which is the Ultimate Reality.
  • He taught that Brahman, the only or Ultimate Reality, was formless and without any attributes.
  • He preached about renunciation of the world and adoption of the path of knowledge to understand the true nature of Brahman and attain salvation.
  • Ramanuja, born in South India in the eleventh century, was deeply influenced by theAlvars. According to him, the best means of attaining salvation was through intense devotion to Vishnu.
  • Ramanuja's doctrine greatly inspired the new strand of bhakti, which developed in North India subsequently. Ramanuja also ensured a place for people of lower castes in temple worship.


Philosophy
Basavanna's Virashaivism
  • The Virashaiva movement initiated by Basavanna and his companions like Allama Prabhu and Akkamahadevi.
  • This movement began in Karnataka in the mid-twelfth century.
  • The Virashaivas argued strongly for the equality of all human beings and against scriptural ideas about caste and the treatment of women. They were also against all forms of ritual and idol worship.

Basaveshwara
The Saints of Maharashtra
  • Maharashtra saw a great number of saint-poets, whose songs in simple Marathi continue to inspire people till date.
  • The most important among them were Jnaneshwar, Namdev, Eknath and Tukaram as well as women like Sakkubai and the family of Chokhamela, who belonged to the "untouchable" Mahar caste.
  • This regional tradition of bhakti focused on the Vitthala (a form of Vishnu) temple in Pandharpur.
Nathpanthis, Siddhas and Yogis
  • Nathpanthis, Siddhacharas and Yogis advocated renunciation of the world.
  • To them, the path to salvation lay in meditation on the formless Ultimate Reality and the realisation of oneness with it.
  • To achieve this, they advocated intense training of the mind and body through practices like yogasanas, breathing exercises and meditation.

Saints of Maharashtra
Islam and Sufism
  • Sufis were Muslim mystics.
  • They rejected outward religiosity and emphasised love and devotion to God and compassion towards all fellow human beings.
  • Islam rejected idol worship and considerably simplified rituals of worship into collective prayers.
  • Muslim scholars developed a holy law called Shariat.
  • Among the great Sufis of Central Asia were Ghazzali, Rumi and Sadi.
  • The Chishti silsila was among the most influential orders. It had a long line of teachers like Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti of Ajmer, Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki of Delhi, Baba Farid of Punjab, Khwaja Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi and Bandanawaz Gisudaraz of Gulbarga.

Sufism
New Religious Developments in India
  • The period after the 13th century saw a new wave of the bhakti movement in North India. This was an age when Islam, Hinduism, Sufism, various strands of bhakti, and the Nathpanths, Siddhas and Yogis influenced one another.
  • We saw that new towns and kingdoms were emerging, and people were taking up new professions and finding new roles for themselves.
  • Potana, who lived the life of a peasant in the village Bammera near Warangal, composed the famous Mahabhagavatamu in Telugu. Potana was called a 'Sahaja Kavi', a natural poet.
  • Potana wrote lucid poetry to express his natural devotional feelings. Thallapaka Annamacharya (1408 - 1503) was a popular saint-composer of Andhra Pradesh and is revered as 'pada kavita pitamaha'.
  • Annamayya dedicated his life to composing and singing the glories of Lord Venkateswara of Tirupati.
  • Kancherla Gopanna (1620 - 1680), popularly known as Bhakta Ramadasu, was a 17th century devotee of Sri Rama and a composer of Carnatic music.
  • Tulsidas conceived of God in the form of Rama. Tulsidas's composition, the Ramcharitmanas, written in Awadhi

New Religious Developments in India
Saints
Kabir
  • Kabir, who probably lived in the fifteenth - sixteenth centuries, was one of the most influential saints.
  • He was brought up in a family of Muslim julahas or weavers settled near the city of Benares.
  • Kabir's teachings were based on a complete, indeed vehement, rejection of the major religious traditions.
  • The language of his poetry was a form of spoken Hindi, widely understood by ordinary people.
  • Kabir believed in a formless Supreme God and preached that the only path to salvation was through bhakti or devotion.
  • Kabir drew followers from both Hindus and Muslims.

Kabir Das
Guru Nanak
  • Born at Talwandi (Nankana Sahib in Pakistan), he travelled widely before establishing a centre at Kartarpur (Dera Baba Nanak on the river Ravi).
  • The sacred space thus created by Guru Nanak was known as dharmsal.
  • The number of Guru Nanak's followers increased through the sixteenth century under his successors. They belonged to a number of castes, but traders, agriculturists, artisans and craftsmen predominated.
  • The ideas of Guru Nanak had a huge impact on this movement from the very beginning. He emphasised on the importance of the worship of one God.
  • He insisted that caste, creed or gender was irrelevant for attaining liberation.

Guru Nanak
- Facebook | - Twitter | - Google+ | - YouTube | - Mail
Meritpath...Way to Success!

Meritpath provides well organized smart e-learning study material with balanced passive and participatory teaching methodology. Meritpath is on-line e-learning education portal with dynamic interactive hands on sessions and worksheets.