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Class VII - Social: Caste Discrimination and the Struggle for Equality
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) The groups who were placed at the bottom of the ladder were seen as unworthy and were called?
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Q) Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar was one of the greatest leaders of?
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Q) Bathula Venkatrao was born in?
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Q) Bathula Venkatrao was popularly known as?
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Q) The Nizam honoured him by awarding the title of?
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Q) Caste systems involve the division of people into?
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Q) When did the caste system begin?
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Q) when was the Adi-Hindu Mahasabha is formed?
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Q) Who are the untouchables in India?
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Q) What is NHRC?
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Q) What is the full form of B. R. Ambedkar?
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Q) How many cast are there in India?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) Explain briefly about Caste Discrimination?
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Q) Explain briefly about caste system in India?
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Q) Explain briefly about B.S. Venkatrao?
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Q) Explain briefly about Equality after Independence?
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Q) Write a short note on Equality after Independence?
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Q) Write a short note on Mahasabha in April 1927?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) In the Earlier do have any caste system?
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Q) Explain about Caste Discrimination and the Struggle for Equality?
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Q) Explain in detail about B.S. Venkatrao?
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Q) Explain in detail about Equality after Independence?
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Q) Had caste system always been there?
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Q) Explain the untouchable?
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Caste Discrimination and the Struggle for Equality
  • In olden days, people of one caste followed the same profession or work, though these day, this tradition has been changing fast.Thus, you can see that caste system creates some bonds among a particular group of people and separates them from the other groups.
  • However, the caste system has also given rise to great inequalities and discrimination in our society.
  • Caste systems involve the division of people into social groups (castes) where assignments of rights are determined by birth, are fixed and hereditary.
  • The assignment of basic rights among various castes is both unequal and hierarchical, with those at the top enjoying most rights coupled with least duties and those at the bottom performing most duties coupled with no rights.
  • Inequality is at the core of the caste system.
  • Those who placed themselves at the top of the ladder called themselves upper caste and saw themselves as superior.
  • The groups who were placed at the bottom of the ladder were seen as unworthy and were called 'untouchables'.
  • Caste rules were set and did not allow the so-called 'untouchable' to take on work other than what they were meant to do.
  • Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar, one of the greatest leaders of India, shares his first experience of caste-based discrimination, which took place in 1901 when he was just nine years old.

Caste system in India
Had caste system always been there?
  • The origins of the caste system in India and Nepal are shrouded, but it seems to have originated more than two thousand years ago.
  • The four primary castes are: Brahmin, the priests; Kshatriya, warriors and nobility; Vaisya, farmers, traders and artisans; Shudra, tenant farmers and servants.
  • Some people were born outside of (and below) the caste system. They were called "untouchables."
  • In the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries, several social reformers fought to create a new social system based on freedom, equality, brotherhood, human dignity and economic justice. They include Jyotirao Govindarao Phule, Savitri Bai Phule, Periyar E.V. Ramasami Naickar, Sri. Narayana Guru and Ayyankali.

Before caste system
B.S. Venkatrao (1896-1953)
  • Bathula Venkatrao was born in Ghasmandi, Hyderabad. He was popularly known as Rao Saheb.
  • His father, Bathula Sayanna, was a domestic servant of the Europeans. B.S. Venkatrao studied upto ninth class and was well versed in English, Urdu, Persian and Marathi apart from Telugu. Having experienced untouchability and its impact on the suppressed classes, he was determined to eradicate it.
  • The Adi-Dravida Sangham was formed with this objective in 1922 with the assistance of people like M. Govindrajulu and M. Venkataswamy. Its main objective, included abolition of the Devadasi system and bringing unity amongst the dalits. Later, they formed the Adi-Hindu Mahasabha in April 1927. A decade later, after an influential discussion, at Pune, they formed Youth League of Ambedkarites, with the objective of getting educated dalit youth to propagate awareness about the exploitation based on caste. This was later renamed as Hyderabad State Depressed Classes Association.

  • The Nizam honored him by awarding the title of Khusru-E-Deccan.

Rallies to stop caste system
Equality after Independence
  • The two ways in which the government has tried to implement the equality that is guaranteed in the Constitution is through laws and through government programmes or schemes to help the disadvantaged communities.
  • here are several laws in India that protect every person's right to be treated equally. In addition to laws, the government has also set up several schemes to improve the lives of communities and individuals who have been treated unequally for several centuries.
  • ne of the steps taken by the government includes the mid-day meal scheme. This refers to the programme introduced in all government elementary schools to provide wholesome cooked lunch to all the children.
  • Establishing equality in a democratic society is a continuous struggle. Individuals as well as various communities in India should contribute to achieve this.

Equality after independence
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