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Class VI - social: India- Natural Vegetation and WildLife
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) Where does tropical rain forest occur?
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Q) What are the 2 different types of Tropical deciduous forests ?
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Q) What does a tree inhale and exhale?
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Q) What are monsoon forest ?
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Q) What does forest provides ?
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Q) Where do camels found normally ?
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Q) What does forest provides ?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) What is Natural Vegetation?
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Q) What is flora?
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Q) How many types of natural vegetation are there in India? What are those?
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Q) Where are the places in India we can find Thorn forest?
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Q) Where are the places in India we can find mangrove forest?
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Q) What are the trees found in Mountain forest?
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Q) What are the things we receive from forest?
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Q) What are migratory birds?
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Q) What does trees inhale and exhale ?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) Describe Tropical rain forest ?
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Q) Describe Tropical Deciduous Forests?
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Q) Describe wild life of India?
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Natural Vegetation
  • Natural Vegetation refers to the plant life which grows on its own in an area.
  • Natural Vegetation is therefore, found in places that have been left undisturbed by human beings for a long time.
  • The plant life in a particular region is called the flora of that region.
  • Natural vegetation varies with relief and climate. For example the natural vegetation found on mountains will be different from that found on land.
Natural Vegetation

The Natural Vegetation of India can be divided into five types.

  • Tropical rainforests
  • Tropical deciduous forests
  • Thorn forests and desert vegetation
  • Mangrove forests
  • Mountain vegetation
Tropical Rain Forest
  • Tropical Rain Forests occur in the areas which receive heavy rainfall.
  • They are so dense that sunlight doesn't reach the ground.
  • The undergrowth in tropical rainforests is often limited by the lack of sunlight.
  • This scanty undergrowth makes it easy for people and animals to move through the forest.
  • The different species of trees found in these forests which shed their leaves at different times.They always appear green and are called evergreen forest.
  • Important trees found in these forests are mahogany, ebony and rosewood.
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands, parts of North-Eastern states and a narrow strip of the Western slope of the Western Ghats are home of these forests.
Tropical Rainforest

Tropical Deciduous Forests
  • In a large part of our country we have this type of forest.
  • These forests are also called monsoon forests.
  • They are less dense. They shed their leaves at a particular time of the year.
  • Important trees of these forests are sal, teak, peepal, neem and shisham.
  • They are found in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, and in parts of Maharashtra.
  • Tropical deciduous forests are of two types: Moist deciduous forests and Dry deciduous forests.
Deciduous Forest

Thorn Forests
  • This type of vegetation is found in dry areas of the country.
  • The tropical thorn forests are also referred to as desert vegetation.
  • They have needle like leaves. Some plants have leaves in the form of spines to prevent loss of water.
  • These trees have taping roots which go deep into the soil in search of water.
  • Major species of trees in these forests include cactus, keekar, babul, khair and date palm.
  • These forests are found in the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana and the central rocky regions of the Deccan Plateau.
Thorn Forest

Mangrove Forests
  • Mangrove forests can survive in both saline and fresh water.
  • They are found along the tidal belts of deltas, where fresh water from the rivers mix with the salt water of the sea.
  • They are found in the Sundarbans in West Bengal, Pichavaram in Tamil Nadu and in the Andaman and Nicober Islands.
Mangrove Forest

Mountain Forests
  • Mountains like the Himalayas house different types of vegetation.
  • The type of vegetation depends on the altitude. This is because the temperature decreases with increase in the altitude.
  • At a height between 1500 metres and 2500 metres most of the trees are conical in shape. These trees are called coniferous trees. Chir, Pine, silver fir and Deodar are important trees of these forests.
Mountain Forest

The Significance of forests

    Forests are useful to us in many ways:

  • Trees inhale carbon dioxide and exhale oxygen
  • Forests provide habitats for wildlife
  • Trees moderate the temperature of a place
  • Trees hold the soil firmly together and prevent soil erosion
  • Forests help to bring about ecological balance
  • Forest provide us timber, fuel, wood, honey, gum, medicinal herbs, fruits and nuts, etc.
Collecting Honey

  • Wildlife refers to all those animals that have not been tamed or domesticated by humans.
  • Wildlife is also called fauna. India has a rich and varied fauna.
  • There are thousands of species of animals and a large variety of reptiles, amphibians, mammals, birds, insects and worms which dwell in the forest.
  • The elephant one of the largest animal on Earth is found in the forest of kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and the North-East States.
  • Camels are foundmainly in the Thar Desert in Rajasthan. They are domestic animals.
  • The tiger is our national animal. It is found in various parts of the country.
  • Lions are found in the Gir National Park of Gujarat.
  • Wild goats, snow leopards, bears, etc. are found in the Himalayan region.
  • Brown and black bears found in the Himalayan ranges.
  • Beside these animals there are different species of monkeys.
  • There are several varieties of snakes found in India ranging from huge pythons, poisonous vipers, cobras and kraits to small water snakes.
  • There are different types of crocodiles like the gharial, saltwater crocodile and mugger found in the rivers of India.
  • India is also rich in bird life.
  • The peacock is India's pride. It is our national bird.
  • The important bird sanctuaries are Bharatpur and Vedanthangal.
  • The other colourful feathered species found in India. They are ducks, mynahs, pigeons, geese, hornbills, bulbuls, cranes, cuckoos etc.
National Animal Tiger
Wild Animal Elephant
An Asiatic Lion
A Heard of Deer

Himalayan Brown Bear

Migratory Birds
  • Many birds like flamingos, storks and pelicans fly a very long distance from cold countries to reach India during mid-November and stay till the summer begins here in March. They are known as migratory birds.
Siberian Crane
Conservation of Flora and Fauna
  • Deforestation is taking place on a large scale and it affects our wildlife directly.
  • Many species of Indian wildlife have been hunted to the point of extinction.
  • Many of our animals are listed as endangered and a large number are already extinct.
  • The Indian bear is endangered. Bears are poached for their skins as rugs and trophies and for their body parts which supply the traditional Chinese medicine trade.
  • The Chiru is classified as cirtically endangered.
  • Chirus are poached for their very fine under-fleece to satisfy the demand for wool, which is used to make shawls and scarves.
  • The government has set up a number of biosphere reserves, wildlife sanctuaries and national parks to protect our animal wealth.
  • The government also started many animal specific projects to prevent them from becoming extinct like Project Tiger.
Wildlife Sanctuary
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