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Class VI - social: Local Government of Urban Areas
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) Cities and towns refer to which area?
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Q) Name the elected representative of the municipal corporation?
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Q) The presiding head of the municipal corporation is?
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Q) The municipal council is elected for a period of how many years?
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Q) The local governing body of cities is called?
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Q) What is the term span of Nagar panchayats ?
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Q) What does the local government ensures ?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) Mention any two compulsory functions of the municipal corporations?
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Q) Who are the important officials of the municipal corporation?
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Q) Name any two obligatory functions of the municipality?
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Q) Explain the sources of income of the municipal council?
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Q) Give two functions of the municipal corporation?
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Q) Explain about Optical Functions ?
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Q) What are the functions of Municipal Corporation ?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) What is the need to have a local government in cities and towns?
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Q) Differentiate between municipal corporations, municipal councils and nagar panchayats?
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Q) What are the advantages of the local self government?
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Q) Write a note on the obligatory functions of the municipal corporation?
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Q) What is a nagar panchayat? What are its functions?
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Q) Explain about Municipal Council,and explain about their functions ?
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Q) Explain about Municipal Corporations ?
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    Local Government of Urban Areas

    Cities and towns or urban areas do have specific problems and needs. These problems are different from rural areas. To take care of these needs, urban areas in India have three categories of local governing bodies - Municipal Corporations, Municipal Councils and Nagar Panchayats.

The Municipal Corporation
  • The cities are divided into a number of municipal wards.
  • The members of the municipal corporations are elected by the people of each ward.
  • Members of parliament and members of the state legislature elected from the area are also members of the municipal corporations.
  • One-third of the seats are reserved for women.
  • The elected representatives of the municipal corporation are known as councillors.
  • The mayor and deputy mayor are members of the corporation.
  • The mayor is the presiding officer of the corporation.
  • The chief executive officer of the municipal corporation is known as municipal commissioner.
  • The commissioner is appointed by the state government.
  • A municipal corporation is elected for five years.
Understanding Government
Women Councillors attending a Municipality meeting

Functions of the Municipal Corporation

The municipal corporation performs important functions:
Compulsory Functions

  • Supply of drinking water
  • Construction and maintenance of public streets and roads
  • Cleaning of streets, sewers and public places
  • Maintenance public health and sanitation, provision of vaccination
  • Maintenance of public hospitals and primary schools
  • Registration of births and deaths
  • Naming street and numbering houses
  • Optional Functions
  • Construction and maintenance of public parks, gardens, libraries, museums
  • Planting and maintenance of roadside plants and trees
  • Providing housing for low income groups
  • Providing a cheap and efficient transport system
  • Understanding Government
    A municipality maintained park
    Understanding Government
    A vaccination program managed by local municipalities

    The Municipal Council
    • The municipal council is the body that governs smaller cities and towns.
    • The city is divided into a number of wards.
    • The people of each ward elect and send a member to the municipality.
    • One-third of the seats are reserved for women, scheduled tribes and castes.
    • Members of parliament and members of the state legislature elected from the area are also members of the municipal council.
    • A municipal council is elected for five years.

    • Functions of the municipal council
    • Provide safe drinking water
    • Build and maintain roads
    • Proper supply of electricity
    • Establish hospitals, health centres etc.
    • Build and maintain primary and secondary schools.
    • Ensure proper sanitation in the city - the collection and disposal of garbage, and the cleaning of drains and streets.
    • Keep a record of births and deaths in the municipal areas.
    Understanding Government
    People are queued to elect members during a municipality election
    Understanding Government
    A municipal school

    Nagar Panchayats
  • Nagar panchayats govern areas which are change in the process of changing from rural to urban.
  • Nagar panchayats have a term of five years.
  • It consists of members elected from the various wards of the town.
  • They look after sanitation, water supply, electricity, primary education etc.

  • Advantages of the Local Self-Government.
  • Local government ensures the best management of local resources.
  • It also ensures the best management of local affairs as local people understand their own problems best.
  • The people of the area co-operate better with the local bodies as they known them personally and feel that they working for their benefit.
  • Local governments ensure the best management of local resources; they take democracy to the common people.
  • Understanding Government
    Nagar Panchayat Office

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