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Class VI - social: Understanding Government
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) What is the earliest form of government?
    
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Q) What were three types of governments?
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Q) Who is the head of the government in monarchy?
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Q) Give an example of a democratic country?
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Q) Is India a Democratic country?
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Q) What is position of monarchy ?
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Q) What is position of monarchy ?
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Q) From which language does the word "government" come from ?
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Q) What is government ?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) Write a short note on monarchy?
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Q) Write a short note on democracy?
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Q) Write a short note on dictatorship?
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Q) What is social security?
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Q) What is the role of administration in government?
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Q) Explain about Universal Adult Franchise ?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) What is a government?
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Q) Explain the need of government?
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Q) What are the different types of government?
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Q) Explain the features of democracy?
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Q) Explain about democracy?Is india a democratic country.Explain?
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The Meaning of Government
  • The word government comes from latin word gubernare- to rule.
  • In a society there are group of people who commands them, and this body is called the government.
  • Every country needs a government to make decisions and get things done.
  • These can be decisions about where to build roads and schools, or how to reduce the price of onions when they get too expensive or ways to increase the supply of electricity.
  • The government also takes action on many social issues, for example it has several programmes to help the poor.
  • The government also has the job of protecting the boundaries of the country and maintaining peaceful relations with other countries.
  • It is responsible for ensuring that all its citizens have enough to eat and have good health facilities.
  • When there are natural disasters like the tsunami or an earthquake it is the government that mainly organises aid and assistance for the affected people.
  • If there is a dispute or if someone has committed a crime you find people in a court. Courts are also part of the government.
Understanding Government
Health Camp
Understanding Government
Disaster Management Team
The Need for Government
  • One of the earliest forms of government was the monarchy, where the king looked after the needs of the people and maintained order in the kingdom.
  • Now-a-days most nations are run by democratic governments.
  • Without government, our lives would be full of chaos and confusion.
Understanding Government
Ancient Monarchy

    A modern day government has certain basic functions to fulfil. They are as follows.
  • Administration - to manage the day-to-day affairs of the country. The government provides basic infrastructure like roads, railways, postal and telegraph services, public transport, street lightning etc. It maintains relations with other nation.
Understanding Government
Public Transport in Delhi
Understanding Government
Post Office
  • Security - to protect the state from attacks from other countries. For this purpose governments maintain an armed force consisting of an army, an air force and a navy.
Understanding Government
Indian Air Force

  • Economics -to ensure the economic security of the country. The government controls the finances of the state, issues currencies, controls trade and decides the economic policies of the state.
Understanding Government
Currency of United State- Dollars
Understanding Government
Currency of India- Rupee
  • Social Security-to take care of the people by providing health care facilities and old age pension, preventing the discrimination of disadvantaged groups and ensuring equal opportunities to all.
  • Environmental Security-to protect the natural environment of the state. The government tries to keep pollution and overexploitation of resources under control.
Understanding Government
Government made a rule where all the vehicle owners need to get pollution check done for their vehicle

Different forms of Government

Monarchy
  • For a long time monarchies were the most common form of government in the world.
  • In a monarchy the king or the queen is the head of the government.
  • The position of the monarch is hereditary.
  • Most of the monarchies that survive today.The monarch no longer has much power. Actual power lies in the hands of an elected parliament.
Understanding Government
Monarchy of United Kingdom still exist

Dictatorship
  • A dictatorship is a form of government where a person or a small group of people rule the country without the collective approval of the people.
  • The common people have no say in such a government.
  • No elections are held. All powers lies with the dictator.
  • People have no freedom of expression under this system of governance.
Democracy
  • A democracy is a form of government that is of the people, by the people, for the people.
  • In a democracy, people elect representatives who rule the country on their behalf.
  • The government is answerable to the people who have elected them to power.
  • Democracy is the most widespread form of government in the world today.
Features of Democracy
  • India is a democracy. This achievement is the result of a long and eventful struggle of the Indian people.
  • There are other places in the world where people have also struggled to have democracies.
  • A government's role is important in India.
  • Any decision the government takes has to involve all the groups in the state and then there can be justice.
  • All the members of a country should therefore participate, take part, in the decision making process of the government.
  • Decisions have to be made collectively by all section of society.
  • A government which includes representatives from every group of society is called a representative democracy.
Universal Adult Franchise
  • When all the adult citizens of a country have the right to vote, it is known as Universal Adult Franchise.
  • In India, every person over the age of 18 has the right to vote.
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