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Class VI - social: Maps
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) What is the art and science of making maps is called?
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Q) What is a collection of maps called?
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Q) What is known as relief map?
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Q) What does Maps tell us?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) Maps are classified based on 3 main component. What are they?
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Q) What is a physical map?
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Q) What is a thematic map?
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Q) What is a political map?
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Q) What are the differences between a sketch and a plan ?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) What are the different components of map? Please describe each component?
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Q) What are maps?
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Q) Mention three uses of maps?
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Q) what are the differences between small scale and large scale maps?
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Maps
What are Maps?
  • A map is a two dimensional representation of the Earth.
  • Maps can show large amounts of detail.
  • The shapes and sizes of countries get distorted in a map.
  • One can view the entire world at a glance in a world map.
  • Maps can be drawn to show the whole world, or a part of it.
  • It is easy to carry maps.
  • There are different types of maps. A collection of maps is called an atlas.
  • The art and science of making maps is called cartography.
Motions of the Earth
World Atlas
Motions of the Earth
Cartography
    Classification of maps

    Maps are classified on the basis of
    (a) scale of the map
    (b) the Content of the map or
    (c) the purpose they serve.

Physical Maps
  • Physical maps show natural features like mountains, plateaus, plains, hill ranges, river, lake, seas and oceans.
  • They are also known as relief maps.
  • Motions of the Earth
    Physical map of India

Political Maps
  • Political maps show cultural features like countries, states, district, cities, towns and villages.
Motions of the Earth
Political map of India

Thematic Maps
  • Some maps focus on specific information; such as roadmaps, rainfall maps, maps showing distribution of forests, industries etc. are known as thematic maps.
  • Suitable titles are given on the basis of information provided in these maps.
Motions of the Earth
Thematic Map

The Components of a Map

There are three Components of Maps - distance, direction and symbol.

DISTANCE
  • Maps are drawings, which reduce the entire world or a part of it to fit on a sheet of paper. Or we can say maps are drawn to reduced scales. But this reduction is done very carefully so that the distance between the places is real.
  • It can only be possible when a small distance on paper represents a large distance on the ground.
  • Therefore, a scale is chosen for this purpose. Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
  • Scale is very important in any map. If you know the scale, you will be able to calculate the distance between any two places on a map.
  • Maps are also classified as large scale or small scale maps.
  • When large areas like continents or countries are to be shown on a paper, then we use a small scale.
  • When a small area like your village or town is to be shown on paper, then we use a large scale.
  • Large scale maps give more information than small scale maps.
Motions of the Earth
Distance
Motions of the Earth
Large Scale Map
Direction
  • Direction is the other main component of a map.
  • The four principal directions - north, east, south and west - are indicated as arrowheads on a map. They are called cardinal points.
  • The inter-cardinal points are north-east, north-west, south-east and south-west.
Symbols
  • Symbol is the third important component of a map.
  • It is not possible to draw on a map the actual shape and size of different features such as buildings, roads, bridges, trees, railway lines or a well. So, they are shown by using certain letters, shades, colours, pictures and lines.
  • These symbols give a lot of information in a limited space. With the use of these symbols, maps can be drawn easily and are simple to read.
  • Maps have a universal language that can be understood by all.
  • There is an international agreement regarding the use of these symbols. These are called conventional symbols.
Motions of the Earth
Symbols

A Sketch and a Plan
  • A sketch is a rough freehand map drawn on the basis of observation and represents the main features of an area, or a place.
  • Sketches usually serve to quickly record ideas for later use.
  • Sometimes a rough drawing is required of an area to tell where a particular place is located with respect to other places.
  • A plan is a detailed and accurate drawing of a very small area on a large scale.
  • Plans are always drawn to scale. They give lot information about a specific area.
Motions of the Earth
Sketch Map
Motions of the Earth
Plan Map
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