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Class VI - social: Diversity,Prejudice and Discrimination
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) Judging someone unfairly without knowing the facts is known as?
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Q) Treating people in a biased manner is called?
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Q) In which year the constitution of India was adopted?
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Q) According to the Varna system, which is the superior class?
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Q) Name the famous personality who introduced the Hindu Code Bill?
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Q) What is government ?
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Q) When do we adopt our constitution ?
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Q) Where does Fundamental rights can be enforced ?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) Explain the terms prejudice and discrimination?
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Q) Define Patriarchal society?
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Q) What is female foeticide and infanticide?
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Q) Explain the work of DR B R Ambedkar against the caste system?
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Q) What is meant by Stereotype? Give an example.
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Q) When does the descrimination happens ?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) How does the constitution prevent discrimination?
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Q) Explain how caste system forms a basis for discrimination?
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Q) How does law prohibit dowry and child marriage?
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Q) Explain about fundamental rights? How are they implemented?
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Q) How are women and girls treated unfairly in India?
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Prejudice and Discrimination
  • When we judge someone or have an idea about them before we actually know anything about them it is called prejudice.
  • Prejudice means to judge other people negatively or see them as inferior.
  • When we express this feeling of prejudice in action, it is called discrimination.
  • People can be discriminated against on the basis of colour, caste, race, religion etc.
  • Discrimination on the basis of colour
  • In many places in India, people have a prejudice against people with dark skin.
  • This makes them discriminate against them.
  • Discrimination on the basis of caste
  • There are several discriminatory practices that have harmed the growth of our country.
  • The most unbearable is without any doubt the hold of the caste system on the nation.
  • The inhuman aspect of the system was the treatment given to those who were known as untouchables.
  • Our Constitution has abolished untouchability and its practice is a criminal offence.
  • Positive steps have been taken by the government to provide relief to the people who were considered outcastes in the form of scholarships, reservation in colleges, university and government services.
Discrimination
Caste System in Ancient India

Creating stereotypes
  • A stereotype is a generalisation or an assumption people make about a person or groups of persons.
  • Stereotyping occurs when we are unable to search for all the information we would need to make a fair judgement about people.
  • Such generalisations often lead to unfair discrimination, especially when stereotyping is unfavourable.
  • We have stereotypes about people from particular regions or states, about people belonging to various castes or religions, about boys and girls.
  • All of us have prejudices about people who are different from us.
  • We should stop and think whether we are being fair to those people.
  • Stereotypes stop us from looking at each person as a unique individual with his or her own special qualities and skills that are different from others.
  • They fit large numbers of people into only one pattern or type. Stereotypes affect all of us as they prevent us from doing certain things, that we might otherwise be good.
Inequality and discrimination

Economic Inequality
  • Discrimination happens when people act on their prejudices or stereotypes.
  • Inequality is another basis for discrimination.
  • Discrimination on the basis of inequality is different from that based on diversity.
  • The unequal distribution of property and wealth in a society causes economic inequality.
  • People who are poor do not have access to good food, clothing, shelter and education.
  • As they are lack of good education, they are unable to get good jobs. They get discriminated against in many different ways.
Gender Inequality
  • Gender inequality is a form of discrimination that has been practiced against women for hundreds of years now.
  • The girl child is given less importance and attention.
  • A number of steps have been taken for the emancipation and empowerment of women.
  • Education of the girl child is being given a lot of importance.
  • The Constitution has given special concession to women in various fields.
  • Prejudice continues to remain against particular castes, religions and gender.
  • Caste clashes, communal violence and dowry deaths are common even today.
Discrimination
Still there are inequalities in modern India

Our Constitution protects diversity
  • We adopted our constitution in 1950.
  • It is a vital document that contains the basic framework of government and the rights of the people India.
  • The introduction, to the Constitution has declared India a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, and guarantees social, economical and political justice to all.
  • Our Constitution lays down an impressive list of fundamental rights.
  • Some of the important fundamental rights include the right to freedom of religion, right to equality, and right to freedom of speech.
  • Fundamental rights can be enforced in a court of law.
  • The right to equality is one of the most important fundamental rights the Constitution of India gives its citizens.
  • The fundamental rights also ensure that the citizens of India have the right to practice the religion of their choice.
  • The Constitution of India thus protects and encourages diversity.
Discrimination
Hindu Priest Performing Pooja

Discrimination
Muslims Performing Prayers

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