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Mind Maps

Class VI - social: India- Climate
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) Which place in India holds the record of highest rainfall in the world?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) What is weather?
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Q) What is climate?
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Q) What are the main seasons in India and each season duration?
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Q) What is loo?
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Q) What does temperature describes ?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) What are the difference between weather and climate?
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Q) Explain winter season and cold climate of India?
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Q) Explain summer season and hot climate of India?
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Q) Explain South-West Monsoon Season of India?
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Q) Explain Autumn Season of India?
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Weather and Climate

  • Weather is the daily state of the atmosphere.
  • It describes the temperature, wind speed and direction, and the amount of participation in place on a particular day, or over a few days.
  • Climate is the average weather in a place over more than 30 years.
  • Climate refers to the long term average weather pattern of a region, and weather describes the short term state of the atmosphere.
  • The weather of a place often changes unexpectedly during the course of a day.
  • The climate of a region has a strong influence on the people who live there.
  • Climate also controls the soil, vegetation and animal life of a region.
Climate India

The Climate of India
  • India is a vast land stretching from the Himalayas to the Indian Ocean.
  • India has a tropical monsoon type of climate.
  • There are four major seasons that follow each other in a cycle.
  • The cold weather season (December to February).
  • The hot weather season (March to May).
  • The monsoon season (June to September).
  • The retreating monsoon season (October to November).

The Cold Weather
  • In India winter falls between the months December and February.
  • December and January are the coldest months.
  • Winter is more severe in Northern India than in South India.
  • During the winter season, cool, dry winds blow from north to the south.
  • The sun rays do not fall directly in the region and, the temperatures are quite low in northern India.
  • Sometimes the temperature drops to ̶-45°C in Leh and Ladak in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • In the Desert the night temperature falls below 0° C in winter.
  • Winter in India is dry. Parts of North India and Tamil Nadu experience rainfall during the winter months.
  • Widespread snowfall occurs in the Himalayan region.
Climate India
Winter in North India

The Hot Weather
  • The hot weather season extends from March to May in India.
  • In the hot weather season the Sun's rays fall vertically.
  • During summer the temperature increases from the south to north.
  • The average temperature recorded in the Northern Plains is about 41 - 43 °C.
  • In the north-western parts of Rajasthan, the mercury level even touches 55°C at times.
  • Hot and dry winds called loo, blow during the day in the Northern Plains.
Climate India
At times mercury level touches 55°C in Rajasthan


The South-West Monsoon Season
  • The south-west monsoon season extends from June to September.
  • This season is marked by the onset and advance of monsoon.
  • The winds blow from Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal towards the land.
  • They carry moisture with them. When these winds strike the mountain barriers, rainfall occurs.
  • Cherrapunji in Meghalaya holds the record of highest rainfall in the world.
Climate India
Cherapunji in Meghalaya

Season Of Retreating Monsoons Or Autumn
  • Winds move back from the mainland to the Bay of Bengal. This is the season of the retreating monsoons.
  • The southern parts of India, particularly Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh receive rainfall in this season.
  • The climate of India has broadly been described as Monsoon type.
  • Monsoon is taken from the Arabic word 'mausim', which means seasons.
  • Due to India's location in the tropical region, most of the rain is brought by monsoon winds. Agriculture in India is dependent on rains.
  • Good monsoons mean adequate rain and a bountiful crop.
Climate India
Crops field in Autumn

Climatic Change

The influence of the changing
  • The climate of a place is affected by its location, altitude, distance from the sea, and relief.
  • Therefore, we experience regional differences in the climate of India.
  • Jaisalmer and Bikaner in the desert of Rajasthan are very hot, while Drass and Kargil in Jammu and Kashmir are freezing cold.
  • Coastal places like Mumbai and Kolkata experience moderate climate. They are neither too hot nor too cold. Being on the coast, these places are very humid.
Climate India
Different Climate Zone of India

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