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Class VI - Science: What do Animals Eat
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) Give an example of plant eating animals?
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Q) Give an example of meat eating animals?
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Q) Give an example of both plant and meat eating animals?
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Q) Which bird sucks the honey from flowers?
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Q) Give 1 example of animal that eats the seed?
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Q) Most animals use a wide range of senses is called?
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Q) Lion is a _______ animal?
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Q) Aquatic animals breath in water through their?
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Q) Consumers cannot prepare their own food and depend on?
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Q) Some animals use their beaks to pick insects is called?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) What is herbivores?
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Q) What is carnivores?
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Q) Which animals are nocturnals and why?
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Q) What is Food chain?
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Q) What are the animals that eat with teeth?
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Q) What is omnivores?
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Q) Explain in detail about Modes of getting food?
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Q) Explain briefly about Modes of getting food?
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Q) Explain briefly about Animals food?
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Q) Explain briefly about Getting food without hunting?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) Explain animals that live in colonies?
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Q) Explain the modes of getting food for lizard?
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Q) Explain the modes of getting food for spider?
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Q) Explain the modes of getting food for butterfly and hen?
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Q) Explain the ways of animals finding the food?
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Q) Explain in detail about Food chain?
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Q) Explain in detail about Modes of getting food?
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Q) Explain in detail about Animals food?
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Q) Explain about the wonder world of ants?
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Introduction
  • Different types of animals that live in our surroundings have their own food habits (way of taking in food and type of food taken).
  • Sucking, licking, picking, chewing, peeling, swallowing are all the ways by which animals take in their food .
  • Beaks of birds differ from one another depending upon the type of food they eat.
  • Most wild animals that eat other animals have sharp teeth.
  • Some animals which use tongue as a tool for taking in food.
  • The butterfly uses............to suck honey from flowers.
  • Some animals get their food by hunting and some others do not hunt.
  • Ducks have teeth, but they are not like the teeth of a cow or lion. They are not useful in grinding food. They act as filters to get food from water
  • Dogs eat food by using their sharp teeth and tongue. Wild animals like lion, fox, wolf, tiger and others also have sharp teeth.
  • Animals that hunt have strong legs to run, sharp claws to catch and sharp teeth to tear flesh.
  • Rabbits and squirrels also have teeth. They eat seeds, tubers, leaves etc. by using their teeth.
  • Generally elephants eat leaves, branches of plants, fruits etc., which are available in the forest.
  • Many animals like the cow depend on plants for food. They are herbivores.
  • Animals like cow, goat, buffalo, sheep, giraffe, camel, elephant, deer etc. eat different parts of plants like green/dry grass, leaves and branches.
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Animals food
  • Animals have their own ways of gathering and taking in food.
From finding food to eating it
  • Plants and animals are the main sources of food in our surroundings. Like us, animals also depend on these sources of food.
  • Every animal has its own style of getting food. They track down, collect, grab or hunt and then use various tools to finally take food into the mouth.
Tracking down food
  • Most animals feed regularly but, first, they must locate food.
  • To do this, they use a wide range of senses - smell, sight, hearing, taste and touch.
  • Some animals rely more on one sense than the other and it can therefore be highly developed in them.
Collecting food
  • Finding food is one thing, but collecting or capturing it is quite another.
  • Many animals have specialized body parts such as mouthparts, hands or feet that help them collect their food most efficiently.
  • Dog in a different manner as compared to frog. The dog licks with it while frog captures and swallows food with it.Also, different parts may be used to take in the same type of food, like, hens use their beaks to pick insects while frogs use their tongues for the same purpose.
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  • The same part in a similar group of animals may be used in ways that can be largely different. For example, beaks of different birds are used to eat different types of food.
  • Beaks of different birds being different is to make it easy to recognize them. There is no reason for the difference, it just happens.
  • Woodpeckers have a long and strong beak. By using this beak they remove layers of bark and eat ants and pests which lie under the bark. Crane has a long beak to catch fish in water.
  • Parrot, which eats fruits and cracks nuts, has a hooked beak, while the crow doesn't have it. Not only the beak, there are other parts as well that are different to suit the type of food eaten by a bird.
  • Vultures would need sharp claws along with strong hooked beaks to tear flesh, while the humming bird that sucks nectar would need a long thin beak and does not need sharp claws.
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Getting food without hunting
  • Some animals get their food without hunting.
  • Duck catches its food. Ducks also have teeth, but they are not like the teeth of a cow or lion. They are not useful in grinding food. They act as filters to get food from water.
  • Similarly, fish too have teeth which are used for the same purpose as that of ducks.
  • People in rural areas are familiar with leeches. While rearing cattle near water they find leeches on the skin of animals. Leeches stick on the skin and suck the blood of cattle as well as humans. They have special structures called suckers in their mouth to do this.
Modes of getting food
  • Animals in our surroundings Find out how they get their food.
  • Some animals search for their food only at night. Cockroaches, desert lizards, rats, owls, bats, moths, crickets etc. get their food only at nights .
  • During daytime they hide in dark places. These type of animals are called nocturnals.
Lizard
  • Smaller lizards like chameleons, geckos and anoles eat mostly insects like flies and crickets. So, They also eat other small creatures like snails, spiders and caterpillars.
  • The bigger the lizard, the bigger its prey. The biggest lizard of them all, the komodo dragon, has special bacteria in its saliva that eventually paralyzes and kills its prey.
  • The komodo dragon is a ferocious predator and has been known to hunt deer, pigs and even unlucky humans.
  • Not all lizards are carnivores, however. Iguanas are exclusively herbivorous. They climb up into trees and eat the leaves, fruits and berries they find there.
  • Since they live on every continent except Antarctica, the diet of each lizard species is highly specialized.
Spider
  • All spiders are carnivorous, which means they eat a variety of insects and other spiders.
  • Large spiders are able to eat small vertebrates like mice and small birds.
  • Spiders have a few tricks up their sleeves that help them catch food.
  • One way they catch food is by lying in plants and on the ground and jumping at their prey.
  • Some hunter spiders will go in search of food and others build webs to catch food.
  • Some species of spiders live in silk-lined burrows and wait until prey comes by before jumping out and grabbing it.
Hen
  • Very young chickens need a lot of protein to grow; in most settings, they are given a high-protein feed specifically formulated for them, but in the wild they eat worms and seeds to fulfill their protein requirements.
  • Chickens under five weeks old need food containing at least 19 percent protein.
Butterfly
  • Butterflies do not eat at all. Well, at least not in the traditional sense.
  • Instead of eating, butterflies get their nurishment from drinking.
  • They have a long narrow tube in their mouth called a proboscis that acts as a straw.
  • They usually set on top of a flower and drink the nectar.
  • To see a congregation of many kinds of butterflies together they feed on small puddles on the grouind or wet areas on leaves and plants.
Food chain
  • There is a great balance in nature established among different plants and animals regarding their food habits.
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  • Food chains form a web where one animal depends upon more than one source and type of food.
    Animal colonies and food
  • Many animals that live in colonies - from huge elephants to tiny ants.
The wonder world of ants
  • Ants do a lot of things. Their colony has large ant forces to do work. There are mainly workers, soldiers, female and male ants.
  • The workers collect and maintain food stock for others in the colony along with several other duties. Just as we keep cows for milk, ants keep a type of insect called aphids for honeydew.
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  • Animals are divided into three types on the basis of their food. They are carnivores, herbivores, omnivores.
  • Food chain is the connection between animals on the basis of their food habits.
  • Food chain explains the interdependence of diverse organisms in nature.
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