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Class VI - Science: Habitat
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) Terrestrial animals breathe through?
    
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Q) Which adaptation helps animals to protect themselves?
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Q) Carnivorous animals have well-developed?
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Q) Monkeys are called?
    
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Q) The natural home of an animal is called its?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) What is adaptation?
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Q) How do animals living in cold regions?
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Q) What are arboreal animals?
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Q) Why do herbivores have long and strong legs?
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Q) Explain omnivores and parasites?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) The frog is an amphibian? How it is adapted to live on land and in water?
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Q) Why do aerial animals have light bodies?
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Q) What are the different ways by which animals protect themselves?
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Q) How do animals like fish, elephant and leaf insect protect themselves?
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Q) Explain adaptations to environment?
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Adaptation in Animals

Animals
Adaptation in Animals
  1. Place with suitable living condition is known as habitat.
  2. Dinosaurs became extinct due to the changes in habitant.
  3. Development of features over the years is known as adaptation.
  4. Animals that live on land are known as terestial animals.
  5. Animals are classified into 5 categories according to their habitats.
  6. Hibernating animals store energy in their bodies in the form of fat.
  7. An animals that stores food in its body as fat is camel.
  8. A flying mammal is bat.
  9. An animal that migrates birds.
  10. Birds that feeds on dead and decaying animals scavenger.
Animals
Terrestrial Animals
  • That live on land.
  • May live on the surface or burrow.
  • Have well developed sense organs.which help to search for their food and protect themselves.
  • They have lungs & leg to breathe & run.
Animals
Animals Living in Forest
  • Eg:-lions,tigers have strong legs .which help to run and catch things.
  • Zebras and deers have their strong legs to run away from their enemies.
Animals
Animals That Live in Cold Region
  • They have thick and hairy coats to protect from cold.
  • Eg:- Polarbeer, arctic fox.

  • Small hookes make mountain goat go up & down the hilly areas (good clomhers).
  • Thick coates to protect from cold.
Animals
Animals That Live in Desert Areas
  • Thick skin & scaly hair protect them from extreme hot day and also from cold at night.
  • prevents loss of water through the skin.
  • Camels have padded & broad feet help them walk on sand.
  • Camel can survive without water & food for some time.
  • Camels store fat in their humps.
Animals
Reptiles
  • Snakes do not have legs. But have scales which help to crawl.
  • In winter they sleep for long time called hibernation.
  • They eat very well in summer. Stores lot of fat in their body.
  • They use their stored fat in winter.
  • Eg:-Frog, lizards

Animals
Aquatic Animals
  • Which live in water or near water.
  • Eg:- Fish, octopus, whales, duckes, crabs and seals.

  • Bodies of aquatic animals are water proof. So the water does not damage their internal organs.
  • Boat shaped body,tail & fins enable them to swim in water.
  • Eg:- fish

  • They breathe through gills, take oxygen dissolved In water.
  • Whales & dolphins are also aquatic, breathe through lungs. They come to surface to breathe oxyzen from air.
  • Water birds like ducks live near water. webbed feet help in swimming.
  • Turtles have paddle like limbs to swim in water.
Animals
Amphibians
  1. live both on land and in water.
  2. Breathe through their lung on land and through moist skin in water.
  3. Frog move on land with legs,to swim in water they use their webbed feet.
  4. Eg:- frog, toads, salamanders and newts.
Animals
Arboreal Animals
  • Animals spend most of the time on trees.
  • Have strong limbs(arm & legs)muscular tails to climb up and down.
  • Use their tails to swing from trees.
  • Strong claws to support their movements.
  • Some have spines(like lemurs)(pointed projections).
  • Which prevent from slipping from trees.
  • Eg:- monkey, lizards, squirrels, chameleons etc.

Animals
Aerial Animals
  • Animals that can fly and spend much time in the air.
  • Have wings to fly.
  • Hollow,lightbones,feathers help them to fly.
  • Many birds leave their living places in winter and move to warmer places.
  • This long travel is called migration.
  • Due to scarcity of food & cold condtions they move to other place.
  • They return back once winter gets over.
Animals

Tree as a habitat
  • Now, in the same way birds also live in trees.
  • Birds, monkeys, squirrels, snakes, ants, spiders, caterpillars, moths, bees, wasps, small plants (mosses), mosquito, are some organisms that you may find on a tree.
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Our house as a habitat

We live in houses that protect us from heat and cold, rain etc. and are a shelter for us. We keep some animals and birds as pets in our houses. We also grow some plants which give us fruits and vegetables.

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Diversity of habitats in Andhra Pradesh

Rayalseema. We can see mangroves only in coastal districts. Grapes are grown in Telangana. Similarly, we can see same type of plants in all places of our state.

Adaptation is based on Food Habits

Herbivores
  1. Plant eaters.
  2. Sharp cutting or biting teeth in front and strong grinding teeth at back for chewing their food.
  3. long and strong legs as they need to walk for long distance in search of food.
  4. Giraffe has a long neck that help it to eat leaves from tall trees.
  5. Eg:- cow,goates,horses,deer and elephants.
Animals
Carnivores.
  1. Meet eaters.
  2. Have sharp teeth in front,help in hunting and teasing flesh.
  3. Strong legs and sharp claws.
  4. Broad teeth help them chew their food lizards & dogs.
  5. Eg:- lion, tiger, foxes.
  6. Birds like eagles & kites have sharp teeths& claws to catch & teasing flesh.
  7. They have sharp eyes to spot the prey easily.
Animals
Omnivores:- They eat both plants & animals.
Eg:- human beings, bears, cows, ravens, pigs, cockroaches.
Animals
Scavengers:- They feed on dead animals vultures, hawks, hyenas. Animals
Parasites:-
  • Depend completely upon other animals for food.
  • live on or inside other animals body ie host.
  • They have suckers no teeth.
  • Eg:- mosquitoes,leeches,fleas& bed bugs live on the host body.

  • Round worms,hook worms & tape worms live inside the host's body.
  • Results in deficiency of nutrients in the hosts body.
Animals

Adaptation based Safety

Running Away Protect them by running away from their predator's or enemies.
Eg:- Deer, fishes, frogs, houseflies run so fast it is very difficult to catch them.
Big Size The scare away their predators due to their big size.
Eg:- elephants, bears, rhinoceroses, hippo.
Hard Shells When ever they sense danger they hide inside their shells.
Eg:- tortoises, snails.
Spines Have spine to protect their soft bodies. They attack the spines.
Eg:- Porcupines & hedgehogs
Camouflages
  • Colours, shapes, size of some animals help them in protection.
  • They get merged with the surroundings & difficult to identify.
Eg:-
1). Polar bear thick white white snow
2). Tiger zebra & leopard striped body forest tall gras
3). Leaf insect colour& shape leaf
4). Stick insect colour& shape Stick
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