⛪Home⇐ Class V Saudi Arabia: The land of Hot Sands

Mind Maps

Class V - social: Saudi Arabia_Land of Hot Sands Capital_Riyadh
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) In which Peninsula Saudi Arabia is situated?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) What is a peninsula?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) What is the capital of Saudi Arabia?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) The religion Islam was Founded by?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Q) Name the important religious centres in Saudi Arabia?
A)    Show/hide Answer

Short Answer Questions:
Q) What are sand dunes?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) What is a Thobe?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Who were nomads?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Who are Bedouins?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Where is the Arabian peninsula located?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Long Answer Questions:
Q) Describe the climate of Saudi Arabia?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain farming in Saudi Arabia?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain the lifestyle of Saudi Arabia?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Describe the religious importance of Saudi Arabia?
A)   Show/hide Answer

Q) Explain the geography of Saudi Arabia?
A)   Show/hide Answer



Saudi Arabia is a large country situated in the Arabian Peninsula. A Peninsula is a piece of land jutting out into the sea. It is surrounded by the water on three sides. The Arabian Peninsula is the largest Peninsula in the world. It lies between the Red Sea on the West and the Persian Gulf on the east. The capital of Saudi Arabia is Riyadh.



Most of Saudi Arabia is a high rocky plateau covered by a vast desert. The desert is covered with small hills of sand called Sand dunes. Strong winds and dust storms keep blowing and shifting these sand dunes from one place to another. There are no lakes or rivers in this land. Some places in the desert underground water comes to the surface forming fertile areas called Oasis.



The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of Saudi Arabia. The climate of Saudi Arabia is hot and dry. The country gets very little rainfall, the humidity is very low. The sun shines bright and hot.

The nights are cool, as the sand in the desert cools down quickly at night. During winter nights are very cool.


Vegetation and Agriculture

Very few plants can grow in a desert climate. Cacti and some short shrubs, which can withstand the hot dry conditions, can be seen in the desert regions of Saudi Arabia. Date palms and some crops such as wheat and barley are grown in the oasis.


saudi people

Saudi Arabia is a very rich country. This is because of the vast deposits of petroleum in the country. The money earned by selling petroleum to other countries has been used to build modern cities such as Riyadh and Jeddah.

The country is ruled by the king. Women must cover their head and body in the traditional Abaya, a black dress that only leaves their eyes exposed, when they go out.

Most men and boys wear traditional loose fitting white robes called Thobe.

Traditionally, the people of Saudi Arabia were nomads, moving from place to place. They are called Bedouins. Their main occupation is rearing cattle. They move from place to place in search of pastures for their flocks of goats, sheep and camel.



Several large industries have been set up in Saudi Arabia, using the money earned by selling petroleum. Some of these are petroleum refining iron and steel, cement.



The religion Islam was founded by Prophet Mohammed in Saudi Arabia. Millions of Muslims from all over the world come to Mecca, the most important pilgrim centre of the Muslims. Medina is another important religious centre here.

Saudi Arabia is an excellent example of a hot and barren desert being changed into a rich and prosperous land. The government of Saudi Arabia has used the natural resources found in the country very intelligently to benefit the people.

- Facebook | - Twitter | - Google+ | - YouTube | - Mail
Meritpath...Way to Success!

Meritpath provides well organized smart e-learning study material with balanced passive and participatory teaching methodology. Meritpath is on-line e-learning education portal with dynamic interactive hands on sessions and worksheets.