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Class V - social: Democratic Republic of Congo_Zaire_Capital_Kinshasa
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) What is the capital of Democratic republic of Congo?
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Q) Which river is the seventh longest river in the world?
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Q) DRC is the worlds largest deposit of which mineral?
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Q) What major food crops grown in DRC?
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Q) Grasslands with a few scattered trees are known as?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) Name the main occupation of the people of DRC?
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Q) Name the cash crops of DRC that are grown for export?
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Q) Mention the main food crops of DRC?
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Q) Which minerals are found in DRC?
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Q) What are the major lakes of DRC?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) Explain briefly about vegetation in DRC?
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Q) Describe the climate of DRC?
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Q) Explain briefly about natural resources in DRC?
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Q) Explain briefly abouttransport of DRC?
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Q) Explain briefly about people livind DRC?
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  • The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a country located deep in the heart of the African continent.
  • It lies in the Torrid Zone. Torrid zone is the area on both sides of the Equator between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn
  • Capital is Kinshasa
  • It is the Land of Dense Forest
  • The Equator passes through Northern DRC.
  • It was ruled by Belgium till it became independent in 1960 and called Belgian Congo.
  • 1971 - called Zaire
  • 1997 - Democratic Republic Of Congo
  • Democratic-Republic-of-Congo


drc people
  • The landscape of the country is dominated by the Congo River.
  • Congo river is the second longest river in the Africa. Nile is the longest river in the world which is also in Africa
  • Congo river is the seventh longest river in the world.
  • The Congo Basin covers almost the entire country.
  • There are high mountains in the eastern edges of the DRC
  • There are plateaus in the south and south west.


  • The climate in most parts of the DRC is very hot throughout the year since its near the Equator
  • The evaporation of water due to the high temperature during the day makes the humidity very high. This causes clouds to be built up by the afternoon, and rain come down at about 4 pm. This happens almost every day, making the region one of the wettest in the world.

drc Wildlife

A large variety of wildlife is found in the forests and savannahs of the DRC .Elephant, buffaloes, gorillas, baboons and rhinoceros are some mammals found in the forests. Crocodiles are found in plenty in the rivers. There are many types of birds and insects in the forests.


Natural Resources In Congo
  • DRC has rich natural resources. There are vast deposits of copper, gold, uranium and diamonds in southern DRC. It has the world largest deposits of cobalt. Most of the minerals are exported.
  • DRC has one of the best forest resources in Africa.
  • Water is other important natural resources. Dams built on the rivers produce electricity.
drc Natural Resources
drc Natural Resources

DRC Agriculture
  • Farming is done in large areas from where forests have been cleared.
  • The major food crops grown are cassava, maize and rice. Coffee, rubber and cotton are also grown, and most of these are exported.

drc Vegetation
  • The hot and humid climate of the DRC is ideal for the growth of dense forests called tropical rainforest.
  • Rainforests cover most of the DRC. They are evergreen forests. The trees are tall and form a canopy of leaves at the top.
  • In some parts of the DRC, mostly in the south, where the climate is not so hot and wet, the vegetation is different. Instead of dense forests, there are grasslands with a few scattered trees. Such open grasslands are called Savannah.

  • DRC is thinly populated. Most people live in villages. Modern facilities are available in cities. Villagers live in thatched huts in separate tribes or groups, each having its own customs. There are about 200 tribes in DRC. The most well- known inhabitants of the DRC are the Pygmies.
  • The pygmies are short in height. They get their food by hunting animal and gathering plant foods.
  • Since the weather is hot and humid, the tribal people do not wear many clothes. But on special occasions they wear colourful costumes.
drc people

during a natural calamity

The government organises relief work for the victims of a natural calamity. Besides the government, several non-government organisations (NGOs) are involved in helping people during a natural calamity. Some of these are Red Cross Society, World Health Organisation (WHO),and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

It is also the duty of all of us to help as much as we can by doing voluntary work. We could also contribute money, food and clothes to the agencies involved in relief work.


drc transport
  • Rail road connect cities with each other, but land transport is not so well developed. Water transport over the River Congo and other rivers is the major means of transport.
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