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Class IV - Science: Public institutions
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) What does Municipal Panchayat Office do ?
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Q) RIA is abbreviated as ?
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Q) Gram Panchayat members are elected by ?
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Q) Who is the head of the Panchayat called as ?
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Q) Tahasildar office in every mandal is headed by?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) Explain about Mandal Parishad Office ?
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Q) Explain about Mandal Revenue Office ?
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Q) Explain about Mandal Resource Centre ?
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Q) What is a Police Station used for ?
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Q) Explain about Right to Information ?
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Q) Write a short note on Veterinary Hospital?
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Q) Write a short note on Primary Health Centre?
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Q) Explain the Public institutions- Grampanchayat?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) Explain about Public institutions- Grampanchayat ?
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Q) Explain in detail about the Bank? ?
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Q) Write about Public institutions - Public property ?
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Q) What is Right to Information Act ?
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Q) Explain indetail about district level collectorate office?
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Q) Explain the Police Station?
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Q) Explain the Mandal Resource Centre?
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Q) Explain the Mandal Revenue Office?
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Q) Explain the Mandal Parishad Office?
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Public institutions

  • In every village they have a gram panchayat which provides the required facilities to the public and solve the problems if any.
  • In every village, in addition to grampanchayat there will be other public institutions like school, veterinary hospital,Anganwadi Centre etc., The institutions which work for public welfare are called public institutions.
Public institutions- Grampanchayat

Gram Panchayat is the organization of elected panchas by the members of Gram Sabha of the village. It is a self-government organization. The number of members in a Gram Panchayat depends upon the population of the village.

Generally, the number of elected panchas in a Gram Panchayat varies between seven and seventeen members. However, it may vary from state to state. There is provision for reservation of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Women candidates. The head of the Panchayat is known as Sarpanch.


The functions of Gram Panchayat includes:

  • implementation of welfare plans,
  • social justice and development,
  • upliftment of women,
  • economic development,
  • development of infrastructure such as roads, waterways, etc.
  • ensuring social justice,
  • making arrangement for drinking water,
  • improvement in agricultural methods,
  • development of improved irrigation methods,
  • development of small-scale, cottage and food-processing units,
  • eradication of poverty,
  • housing for rural people,
  • making arrangement for elementary and secondary education facilities for rural children,
  • fight illiteracy and encourage adults to learn to read and write,
  • improvement in hygiene and sanitation, etc.
  • ts_iris
    Iris camera
    Public institutions - mandal head quarters
    • We will have Tahasildar office in every mandal which is headed by Tahasildar. It discharges various functions like distribution of ration cards to the families who come under its perview and collection of land revenue(tax on the cultivated lands).
    • The government functions in every village, In addition to mandal revenue offices some other Officer also extend their services to the people of that mandal.
    Mandal Parishad Office
    1. Providing primary education.
    2. Agriculture, cattle rearing, fish farming, poultry breeding & development.
    3. Construction and repairs of roads and also irrigation.
    4. Providing safe drinking water,health, women and child welfare,sanitation etc.
    Mandal Parishad Office
    Mandal Revenue Office
    1. Headed by tahasildar,supervises the activities of the village secretaries and activities of the employees of mandal revenue office.
    2. Receiving complaints from public and enquiring about them.
    3. Ensures that all the welfare programmes reach the needy people.
    4. Issuing caste and income certificates.
    5. Relieving the people from bonded labour.
    6. Sanctioning of land holders pass books to farmers.
    7. To resolving the cases related to land issues/disputes.
    Mandal Revenue Office
    Mandal Resource Centre
    1. Headed by mandal education officer (MEO). Enrolment of all school age children in schools.
    2. Monitoring schools to provide quality education to all the enrolled children.
    3. Superwise the schools.
    4. To take action on irregular teachers.
    5. Effective implementation of midday-meal programme in all schools.
    Mandal Resource Centre
    Police Station
    1. Maintaining the law and order.
    2. Reducing crime rate.
    3. Maintaining good relations with public.
    4. Receiving complaints from the people, recording them and responding immediately.
    5. Conducting enquiries on the complaints and recording them.
    Police Station
    Primary Health Centre
    1. Headed by health officer, treating patients with common diseases everyday.
    2. Maintaining the health sub-centres and supervising its activities.
    3. Implementing national health programmes in the mandal.
    4. Ensure safe delivery under mother-child welfare scheme.
    5. Refer the needy cases to the district hospital for further treatment.
    Primary Health Centre
    Veterinary Hospital
    1. Headed by veterinary Doctor.
    2. Look after the health of all animals.
    3. Provide treatment to wounded animals.
    4. Preventing diseases.
    5. Identify the diseases which transmit from animals to human beings and take preventive measures.
    6. To educate the farmers on how to take care and give nutritious food to animals.
    Veterinary Hospital
    1. Headed by the manager. Collecting deposits from people.
    2. Distribution of loans to farmers.
    3. Collecting daily deposits.
    4. Sistribution of loans to women self help groups.
    • Once in every three months a meeting will be organised to review all the development activities.
    • This meeting will be conducted under the chairmanship of Mandal president. As Sarpanch is elected in every panchayat, Mandal president is also elected by all the people of that Mandal.
    • Mandal president will send the invitations in advance to all the members to attend the mandal development meetings.
    • letter1
      Look at an invitation letter sent by Kothur mandal president of Mahaboobnagar.
    • Now you have seen the invitation for general body meeting.The points they discuss are called'agenda'.
    • Sarpanches and MPTC members belongs to different villages discuss the problems of their villages in the meeting. The Mandal level officials answer the questions asked by the elected representatives.
    • The Mandal Development Officer will conduct the proceedings of the meetings. Tahsildar, Agricultural Officer,Veterinary Officer, Mandal Educational Officer and Health Officer attend the meeting and reply to the questions asked by the members.
    Public institutions - district level - collectorate

    The collector assesses the amount of relief required in case of calamities. He also takes the relief work. Land may be acquisioned for housing schemes, development projects, etc. Land acquision is another function of the collector. Preparation and maintenance of land records is an important function of the collector. The district treasury comes under his control and officers attached to district treasury functions under his supervision.

    Collectrate office
  • In Collectrate office addition to mandal office, there will be many government departments at district level to serve the people in the villages. They release the funds to mandals and panchayats to take up different welfare activities.
  • Different types of public institutions are functioning from village level to district level to meet the needs of the people. All the officers perform the duties alloted to them.
  • Public institutions - Public property

    Public institutions - Public property
    • All the government institutions are fulfilling the primary needs of the people. In order to run all these institutions a lot of money is required to pay the salaries to the employees and to meet other expenses.
    • Pubilc institutions are being run by our money. We pay the money to the government in the form of different taxes. The same money is being used to meet the primary needs of the people.
    • It's our property and we are responsible to protect these public properties for our future citizens. If we don't protect them there will be no progress.
    • We are getting services in the form of street lights, water pipelines, roads,hospitals and schools.
    • We are witnessing the street lights being lit during day time also, the water being wasted through the taps.
    Right to information
    • If there is any problem like leakage of drains, we have to complain about it in the Municipal Panchayat Office.
    • The Right to Information Act has been implemented on 12th October, 2005. From that day the government officials started taking care of complaints of public.
    What is 'Right to Information Act?'

    The right to get information from public institutions is called 'Right to Information Act.' As part of this we can know the information about the activities taken up by the government, different documents, reports etc., we can get photo stat copy of the documents also.

    • Officers will have the required information of the villages.
    • It is their duty of the officers to make the information available. Our Right is to ask and know.
    • We should ask our query tothe public relations officer and know the information in the form of documents also.

    After giving the complaint, they will give the information within 30 days. If they don't give information within 30 days, then we have to apply to the higher official.

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