﻿ Class IV: Science - Find The Way / Directions,Find The Way, Directions, maps, villages, mandal, district, state, our state, Measurements.
FIND THE WAY / DIRECTIONS

 Mind Maps

Class - : Array
Q) What is the highest Mountain range on the Earth?

Q) Which animal is found in the desert?

Q) What is the low land called that lies between mountains or hills called?

Q) What type of trees are grown in Costal areas?

Q) The Largest part of our area is covered with what?

Q) What is a Desert?

Q) What is land?

Q) Describe our Earth?

Q) What are Mountains?

Q) What is a Forest?

Find The Way / Directions

Introduction

When children and adults live together in one place it is called a family. Many families, living together in one place form a village.

Can we find the directions
• "The direction facing the sun is the east, to the back is west, right hand side is south and the left hand side is north. These are the four directions".
• The north, the south, the east and the west. With this, we come to know in which direction, our house, street and village are located. Like wise stand in an open area.
• When we identify the directions of any area, or building or village, we call them boundaries. With the help of boundaries we can identify any area or a place or an architecture. To know this, you also have to know something else We call the place/side between any two direction as corner.
Directions, corners
Measurements of the room

To measure the room, we need to know the length and breadth of the room.

Example
• The north length was six meters.

• Scale − 1 meter = 1 match stick

• To show the northern wall, take one match stick for metre length.
• Then Kasturi arranged six match sticks on the floor, to the north. Like wise, they measured the wall on the east to be nine meters.
• Now they arranged the nine match sticks on the floor, attaching in to the earlier line of nine sticks.
Usually when we draw maps on the paper the north faces upward (N↑)

• The rest is measured as six meters on the south and nine meters on the west.
• The pupils placed the match sticks similarly.
• Then, they drew a line, along the match sticks, with a chalk. Now, they removed the match sticks. The room map is ready
• Instead of a meter you take it as a centimeter and draw the lines directly without using match sticks on a chart. Hang it in your room.
Village
• To identify a particular place in the village or town or city or country, we need to know the directions, with the help of the directions we will get to know where the particular place is located at.
Mandal
• Mandal consitutes a group of villages. Population will be around in thousands.
• In every mandal there will be offices of Mandal Praja Parishad, Tahasildar office, departement of agriculture & electricity, and also a primary health centre and a police station.
• People of all villages visit the mandal regularly for various work.
• As we all know that we have Country map, state map and district map. The same way we also have the mandal map, showing all the villages.
• Let us see the map of a mandal. Adilabad district has 52 mandals.
District
• As we have villages in mandal, many mandals are included in a district.
• In every district there will be a Collectorate Office, Zilla Parishad Office and a District Hospital.
• People from the villages of all the mandals in the district visit the district head quarters for various work.
• There are 31 districts in our state. Every district has its map. In that the important places, offices and the institutions of the districtare indicated.

Our state
• Telangana is our State. Some villages together form a mandal, mandals together form a district and some districts together form a State.
• It has 31 districts. Hyderabad is the capital city.
• People here celebrate various festivals and practice different cultures and traditions.
• The rivers like Godavari, Krishna, flow through the state.