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Class IV - Science: Public institutions





Public institutions

Introduction
  • Rangapur is a small village surrounded by hills. The village is situated beside a river. Due to heavy rains and floods in the river the streets were covered with mud water, the electric wires were dislocated, the water pipes were damaged.
  • There was no water supply. Nobody came to their rescue or to solve the problems due to heavy rains. Who will solve these problems? Who will be held responsible for this state of affair? What other problems would arise due to floods? Discuss these issues with your friends and note down the points.
  • ts_panchayat
    Panchayat
  • In every village they have a gram panchayat which provides the required facilities to the public and solve the problems if any.
  • In every village, in addition to grampanchayat there will be other public institutions like school, veterinary hospital,Anganwadi Centre etc., The institutions which work for public welfare are called public institutions.
  • Public institutions-Grampanchayat
  • Mohan wants to apply for a ration card, so that he can get household items from the rationshop (Fair price shop).
  • He decided to apply for a ration card. He went to meet the village the revenue secretary along with his daughter Aruna.
  • Mohan approached the revenue secretary and informed him about their family.(Son, daughter and wife) and requested for a Food Security Card (Ration card).
  • Meanwhile the village secretary called upon all the people who came to record the details of their crops. Village secretary looked into the records with the help of his revenue assistant and gave the receipts to all.
  • Many kinds of work done by different officers at village level are given below in the table. Discuss with your teacher and know about the officers who are responsible for different work and fill the table.
  • If you live in a city, collect the details of the person who is incharge for the above duties in the table with help of your parents / teachers. Write them in your note book.
  • Has review meeting held in your village? If yes what were the issues discussed. Collect information from your village sarpanch and village secretary regarding the development of village and activities taken up during the review meeting?
  • Aruna wrote an application. Officials of Taasildar office recorded the details online.They compared the information available with them.
  • They sent the details to District civil supplies officer after a few days they issued food security card and sent it to Tahasildar security.
  • Mohan received the Food security card through Tahasildar. Now Mohan is getting provisions through Food Security card.
  • The government will provide the required provisions for the poor, through fair price shops. If the distribution of provisions is improper in the ration shops.
  • Do you know what should be done? They should be provided provisions regularly,other wise they can complaint to the tahasildar.
  • Do you know?
  • While issuing Adhar cards,the government is using iris camera to take the photographs.The centre part of the eye is called Iris. The Iris camera will capture the Iris part of the eye which can save a photo without fading. Mimizoi invented the iris camera. This iris image will detect the individual if he comes for the second time.
  • ts_iris
    Iris camera
Public institutions - mandal head quarters
  • You have learnt that there will be a Tahasildar office in every mandal which is headed by Tahasildar. It discharges various functions like distribution of ration cards to the families who come under its perview and collection of land revenue(tax on the cultivated lands).
  • Do you know how will the government functions in every village? In addition to mandal revenue offices some other Officer also extend their services to the people of that mandal.
  • Do you know the different public institutions that work in every mandal? Read them in the table given below.
  • Mandal Parishad Office
  • 1. Providing primary education.
  • 2. Agriculture, cattle rearing, fish farming, poultry breeding & development.
  • 3.Construction and repairs of roads and also irrigation.
  • 4.Providing safe drinking water,health, women and child welfare,sanitation etc.
  • ts_mandal
    Mandal Parishad Office
    Mandal Revenue Office
  • 1.Headed by tahasildar,supervises the activities of the village secretaries and activities of the employees of mandal revenue office.
  • 2.Receiving complaints from public and enquiring about them.
  • 3.Ensures that all the welfare programmes reach the needy people.
  • 4.Issuing caste and income certificates.
  • 5.Relieving the people from bonded labour.
  • 6.Sanctioning of land holders pass books to farmers.
  • 7.To resolving the cases related to land issues/disputes.
  • ts_mparsid
    Mandal Revenue Office
    Mandal Resource Centre
  • 1.Headed by mandal education officer (MEO). Enrolment of all school age children in schools.
  • 2.Monitoring schools to provide quality education to all the enrolled children.
  • 3.Superwise the schools.
  • 4.To take action on irregular teachers.
  • 5.Effective implementation of midday-meal programme in all schools.
  • ts_mrs
    Mandal Resource Centre
    Police Station
    • 1.Maintaining the law and order.
    • 2.Reducing crime rate.
    • 3.Maintaining good relations with public.
    • 4.Receiving complaints from the people, recording them and responding immediately.
    • 5.Conducting enquiries on the complaints and recording them.
    • ts_police
      Police Station
      Primary Health Centre
    • 1.Headed by health officer, treating patients with common diseases everyday.
    • 2.Maintaining the health sub-centres and supervising its activities.
    • 3. Implementing national health programmes in the mandal.
    • 4.Ensure safe delivery under mother-child welfare scheme.
    • 5.Refer the needy cases to the district hospital for further treatment.
    • healthcare
      Primary Health Centre
      Veterinary Hospital
    • 1.Headed by veterinary Doctor.
    • 2.Look after the health of all animals.
    • 3.Provide treatment to wounded animals.
    • 4.Preventing diseases.
    • 5.Identify the diseases which transmit from animals to human beings and take preventive measures.
    • 6.To educate the farmers on how to take care and give nutritious food to animals.
    • ts_drough
      Veterinary Hospital
      Bank
    • 1.Headed by the manager. Collecting deposits from people.
    • 2. Distribution of loans to farmers.
    • 3.Collecting daily deposits.
    • 4.Distribution of loans to women self help groups.
    • ts_bank
      Bank
    • Now, you have learnt about the different government institutions working at mandal level to serve the people in the mandal. Once in every three months a meeting will be organised to review all the development activities.
    • This meeting will be conducted under the chairmanship of Mandal president. As Sarpanch is elected in every panchayat, Mandal president is also elected by all the people of that Mandal.
    • Mandal president will send the invitations in advance to all the members to attend the mandal development meetings. Look at an invitation letter sent by Kothur mandal president of Mahaboobnagar.
    • letter1
    • Now you have seen the invitation for general body meeting. Do you know what would they discuss during the meeting? The points they discuss are called'agenda'.Read the 'agenda' points identified for Kothuru mandal general body meeting.
    • You have read the agenda! Discuss with your friends in groups about how the members would discuss these points.
    • Sarpanches and MPTC members belongs to different villages discuss the problems of their villages in the meeting. The Mandal level officials answer the questions asked by the elected representatives.
    • The Mandal Development Officer will conduct the proceedings of the meetings. Tahsildar, Agricultural Officer,Veterinary Officer, Mandal Educational Officer and Health Officer attend the meeting and reply to the questions asked by the members.
Public institutions - district level - collectorate

  • Mohan and Kiran are neighbours. Kiran is frequently facing some health problems.One day Kiran fell on the ground and became unconscious. On seeing the anxiety of Kiran's wife, Mohan, immediatly called '108' and Kiran was admitted to a government hospital.
  • collectrote
    Collectrote office
  • Doctors examined Kiran and diagnosed him with a heart problem. They treated him and advised him to under go a heart surgery within a month.
  • The doctors advised Jyothi, Kiran's wife to bring Arogyasree card for free medical treatment of her husband. Jyothi decided to apply for Arogyasree card as they had white ration card. She wrote an application to the District Collector for Arogyasree Card.
  • letter2
  • Kiran's family went to the collector's office and submitted the application to the collector and explained their problem. The collector sent the application to the concerend health insurance officer.
  • Kiran received the Arogyasree card within a week. With the help of the Arogyasree card Kiran under went surgery. He returned home cheerfully.
  • In addition to mandal office, there will be many government departments at district level to serve the people in the villages. They release the funds to mandals and panchayats to take up different welfare activities.
  • Different types of public institutions are functioning from village level to district level to meet the needs of the people. All the officers perform the duties alloted to them.
Public institutions - Public property

Public institutions - Public property
  • All the government institutions are fulfilling the primary needs of the people. In order to run all these institutions a lot of money is required to pay the salaries to the employees and to meet other expenses.
  • Pubilc institutions are being run by our money. We pay the money to the government in the form of different taxes. The same money is being used to meet the primary needs of the people.
  • It's our property and we are responsible to protect these public properties for our future citizens. If we don't protect them there will be no progress.
  • We are getting services in the form of street lights, water pipelines, roads,hospitals and schools. Don't you think these are for us only? What will be achieved if we damage the doors and windows of government offices?
  • We are witnessing the street lights being lit during day time also, the water being wasted through the taps? Don't you think that these are our properties and we have the responsibility to protect these resources?
  • Right to information
  • Mother : Well! Ravi, Why are you playing in front of the house without going to the play ground?
  • Ravi : Oh! foul smell due to the overflow of drainage on the ground is stopping us from going to play ground.
  • Mother : Then, you have to complain about it in the Municipal Panchayat Office. You are not supposed to play infront of the houses.
  • Raju : Aunty! my brother has already complained about it five days back.
  • Aruna : Aunty! do they care, if we complain?
  • Mother : Don't you know? The Right to Information Act has been implemented on 12th October, 2005. From that day the government officials started taking care of complaints of public.
  • Aruna : What is 'Right to Information Act?'
  • Mother : The right to get information from public institutions is called 'Right to Information Act.' As part of this we can know the information about the activities taken up by the government, different documents, reports etc., we can get photo stat copy of the documents also.
  • letter3
  • Ravi : Mummy! do all the offices of our village keep the required information.
  • Mother : Yes, they have to! It is the duty of the officers to make the information available. Our Right is to ask and know.
  • Aruna : Aunty? You say, ask and know. Then, who should we ask?
  • Mother : Good question. We should ask the public relations officer and know the information in the form of documents also.
  • letter4
  • Raju : Aunty! my brother complained in the panchayat office regarding the over flow of drainage five days back. Can we know the position of the complaint now?
  • Mother : Yes, you can. They should give the information within 30 days.
  • Aruna : If they don't give information within 30 days, then?
  • Mother : Then we have to apply to the higher official. Bring a white paper. I will tell you how to write application. (The children write the application and meet the village secretary along with their mother).
  • Raju,Ravi,Aruna,Mummy: Namaste Sir! We came to meet you.
  • Village Secretary : Namaste! Children! What do you want?
  • Mother : Sir! the play ground where these children play every day is smelling due to the over flow of drainage. Raju's brother gave a complaint regarding this 5 days back.
  • Village Secretary : Do the workers clean the drainage every day?
  • Raju : No sir! No one has cleaned the drainage for so many days.
  • Aruna : Sir! let me know, who would clean the drinage? Once in how many days the drainage has to be cleaned?
  • Village Secretary : Why do you ask all these particulars?
  • Mother : Sir, don't say like that! Every one has a right to get information according to R.T.I. Act. Children, submit the application.
  • Village Secretary : (Receiving Application) OK! You can go now!
  • Children : Sir, What about receipt?
  • Village Secretary : Good God! Ok, (After writing receipt) take this. I will order people to clean the drainage now itself. Children,you asked for the information. Panchayat workers have to clean the drainage every day. I will send this information in a written form to you.
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