Different games and rules

 Mind Maps

Class IV - Science: Different games and rules

Different games and rules

Introduction
• We all love to play games. We play inside and outside of our houses or wherever we like. People have been playing games for centuries. But, changes have occured in the way we play the games. Nowadays, we play certain new games. We also play some games which are played in foreign countries. Observe the picture given below:
• Rules of the Games
• You play different games. Don't you? Before the commencement of the game, the players divide themselves into groups and discuss the method of playing. They also collect the required materials and make all necessary preparations.
• Do you know kabaddi? Let us see, how children play it.
• Rahim the physical training teacher took all the children to the playground to play kabaddi. He divided them into two groups of seven players each. He explained to them the 'Rules of Kabaddi' and how to play the game. The player who cant - 'Kabaddi' should touch the Barkaline, otherwise he may declared as out.Rahim sir drew the kabaddi court with the help of the children. Figure shows the lines drawn on the court. Observe the picture.
• The teams of Supraja and Pinki are playing kabaddi. Supraja started the game with the 'cant' - 'Kabaddi'. Four players of the opposite team surrounded her and caught her. But, Supraja escaped from them and touched the middle line. On seeing this Supraja's team members screamed,and clapped happily and shouted "four points..... we scored four points". Then one girl from Pinki's team started an argument saying Supraja stopped her cant in between. Both teams argued with each other. At last Parveen from Pinki's team came forward and persuaded others saying Supraja did not stop saying cant.The game started again.
Different games and rules

Introduction
• You have seen, how the teams of Pinky and Supraja are playing kabaddi.Discuss with the members of your group the rules of this game.
• Rules of the game "Kabaddi"
• 1.The player who says the cant (kootha) - Kabaddi Kabaddi, should touch the 'bark line'
before he comes back, otherwise he would be considered as 'out'.
• 2.The cant should start and stop at the middle line. But it should be in one breath.
If the cant is stopped in between it is considered to be 'out'.
• 3.The players who cross the end lines or side lines are considered as 'out'.
• 4.Those players who are 'out' should sit in the 'sitting box' which would be outside the court.
• 5.The players who are 'out' can join the team in order whenever the team scores a point.
• 6.The players should not grow nails.
• 7.One should not apply oil to the body while playing.
• 8.While playing especially girls, they should not drag each other by holding hair / plaites.
• Rules of other games
• You have read how to play kabaddi. Every game has certain rules. We play the games by following rules. Do you play games by following the rules? Write down the names of the games you play. Write the rules of each game.
• Why rules?
• You have understood the rules of the games.
• The rules help us to play the games properly. The rules control the game. As in games, our home, school and all other places also have certain rules and regulations.
• Eg: Traffic rules are intended to avoid accidents on the roads.We stop when red light glows, we get ready when orange light glows, move forward when green light glows, keep left as per the direction. We find these traffic signals at cross roads in order to avoid traffic jams and accidents.
• Look at the above picture. People are crossing the road at the zebra crossing where white stripes are drawn. It help us to avoid accidents.2.4. Can everybody play games?Everybody likes to play games. But, do all the people play games? In Rangapuram girls play games like ashta chemma, thokkudu billa, tennikoit, vamana gunta only. The boys play games like cricket, volley ball, football.Like the roads, the schools also have certain rules and regulations. For example, as per rules the students,teachers and the headmaster should attend the school(at prayer time) assembly. Classes should be conducted according to time-table, children should play during games period, mid-day-meals should be provided properly and parents meeting should be conducted once in a month. Such rules if observed truly help the schools to develop. Similarly, to govern and develop our country,we have formed certain rules in our constitution. You will read more about our constitution in your 5th Class.
• Can everybody play games?
• Everybody likes to play games. But, do all the people play games? In Rangapuram girls play games like ashta chemma, thokkudu billa, tennikoit, vamana gunta only. The boys play games like cricket, volley ball, football.
• Observe the people in the pictures given below. Do you know who they are?What games do they play? What is special about them?

• These sportsmen / women made our country proud with their achievements.How did they achieve it? If they had not played games every day, they would not have succeded as sports persons.
• Anyone can play games. There are many sports women in our country. Many women players won medals in not only National level events but also in Asian games, Common Wealth games, Olympic Games etc. women are competing with men in all the fields.
Different games and rules

Games - victory and defeat in games
• Humans love to play. Winning and losing is quite natural in games. In any game only one team or one person can win. Who ever wins is called ' winner'. Some people get worried when they lose the game. Winning and losing are not important.Importance should be given to the development of good skills. One must learn good sporting skills, patience, winning temperament following rules etc., from others. The players congratulate each other after the competition. Considering victory and defeat to be equal is called 'sportsmen spirit'. You all should play games after the school time and also during the holidays. Where would you play?Do the girls go to the ground and play? Boys and girls are equal. Girls also should go to the playground, so that they too can become healthy and remain active.
• Playing games is children's right
• All children, boys and girls should play every day. This is children's right.Evening 4 - 6 p.m is children's play time. One should not go to tuitions or do the home work during this time. When we play games we become active and our blood circulates better. All impurities present in our body come out in the form of sweat. During play time, we talk, laugh, solve simple disputes, discuss and,follow the rules. It relieves us from stress and strain and keeps our body healthy and active. It also help us in maintaining good relations with others. If you play games regularly you will become strong and healthy not obeis.
• We must play in the sports period of our class time table. You should play along with your teachers. We should use the play material available in the school.We must participate in the sports competitions, we must acquire the skills of the games. We should take bath after playing games in the evening. After playing we must study and do the household work. By doing this, we become active and it also enhances our grasping power we can understand lessons easily.
• Games - results
• Have you ever seen the people who play regularly? They are healthy and active.When we play games, we become healthy and active. People co-operate with each other during the play. It inculcates the values of team spirit, playing together and become part of a group. We will be recognised by all when we play games. We can bring name and fame to our family, school, village, district and state. Our Indian team won the gold medal in kabaddi.Similarly our Cricket team won the World Cup in the year 2010. Our players and athlets like Karanam Malleswari,

• Saina Nehwal, Marykom, Leander Paes, Gagan Narang and Vijendra Singh participated in olympics and won medals. The popularity of our country has increased due to them. Eveyone, including players, their family, state and country got a good name. Everyone respects the sportsmen and sportswomen. When we play games we become ready to face challenges of our life. We start helping others on all occassions. Working together with others also becomes a habit. We get sportman spirit and learn to appreciate the winners and encourage the losers. We learn to treat both victory and defeat as equal. You have read about the advantages of playing games. Hope, you all play games everyday! Now, what games do you want to play from today?
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