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Class III - social: The Food We Eat
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) Which is the famous city of oranges?
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Q) What is summer food?
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Q) Give any one example for food grain?
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Q) What is staple diet of the people living in the coastel areas?
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Q) Name any one common spices in our food?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) What type of sweets famous in India?
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Q) Why has Indian food become popular worldwide?
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Q) What are the vegetables and fruits available in India during summer?
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Q) Which are the different types of oils used in our cooking?
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Q) How does the crop grown by the farmers reach us?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) Explain briefly about Food grains,pulses?
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Q) Write about fruits and vegetables?
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Q) Why do people in different regions of India eat different kinds of foods?Explain briefly?
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Q) Explain briefly about Indian Spices?
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Q) What are the different kinds of fruits found in India?Explain briefly?
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Food We Eat

  • The food that people in a region eat most often becomes their staple food. India is a vast country with varied landforms and climate.
  • The food eaten in different regions of the country depends on the climate and soil of the place. For example, rice grows best in areas where it rains a lot, like West Bengal and Assam.
  • The people of the east and south India eat mainly rice. Rice cannot be properly grown in Rajasthan where it rains very little, and the soil is sandy.
  • Wheat, jower and bajra grow well in the climate and soil of Rajasthan. So the people of Rajasthan eat more of these grains than rice.
  • In the coastal areas a lot of fish is eaten, as it is available in plenty in the sea.
Different kinds of food eaten in India

Food Grains

  • In the northern states of India, people generally eat wheat and rice.
  • In Rajasthan it is a desert area where wheat, jower, corn and bajra are commonly eaten.
  • In the southern and eastern states, rice is the staple food.


  • Pulses are popular in all parts of the country. Rajma, chickpeas or kabulichanna, arhar dal and moong dal are pulses that are eaten in many parts of India.

Fruits and Vegetables

  • Along with food grains, fruits and vegetables also form a part of the Indian meal.
  • Different fruits grow best in different states of our country. Kashmir is famous for its apples, cherries and strawberries.
  • Himachal Pradesh is famous for its apples and Ladakh for apricorts. Nagpur in Maharashtra is famous for its oranges. The pineapples grown in Assam, Goa and Kerala are really sweet. Coconut is available in the coastal states such as Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  • Some fruits and vegetables like onions, potatoes and bananas are available throughout the year. Carrots, peas and grapes grow in winter.
  • Mangoes are available in summer.
  • Some fruits and vegetables that are available only in a particular season are called seasonal fruits and vegetables.
Vegetables and Fruits available during summer
Vegetables and Fruits available during winter


  • Indian food has become popular worldwide. This is mainly because of the special spices we use in our food.
  • Some of the common spices are chillies, cloves, turmeric, pepper, coriander. The spices add flavour, colour and taste to our food.


  • Indian sweets are famous too. Rasgullas, laddoos, gulabjamuns are some popular Indian sweets.
  • You must have eaten and enjoyed sweets in weddings and festivals.

way we cook our food

  • Indian food is usually cooked in ghee, mustard oil, groundnut oil, sunflower oil, coconut oil or sesame oil.
  • Food in India is cooked in a variety of ways. It is sometimes boiled, fried, steamed,baked or roasted.

Transporting food

  • The farmers grow crops in their field or farm. The farmers then take their produce to the wholesale markets. Shopkeepers and vendors buy fruits, vegetables, pulses and grains from here. We buy food from shops and vendors in the market.
  • No country in the world can boast of the variety in food that India offers.
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