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Class III - social: Our Country India
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) Where the rivers ganga and brahmaputra strats from ?
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Q) What is the seventh largest coutry in the world?
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Q) What is Islands?
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Q) What is highest peak in the world?
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Q) Which country is the second most populated in the world?
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) Name any five rives of India?
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Q) Name any two groups of islands,which are part of India?
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Q) Why are the Northern Plains thickly populated?
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Q) In which region of india do you live?
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Q) What kind of climate do you have in the place that you live in?
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Long Answer Questions:
Q) Explain about himalayan mountain ranges?
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Q) Explain brefly about thar desert?
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Q) Write about the deccan plateau and the ghats?Explain briefly?
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Q) Explain briefly about the Northern plains?
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Q) Explain about Islands briefly?
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Features

  • India is a part of continent - Asia.
  • It is the seventh largest country.First largest country is Russia.
  • It is the second most populated country in the world with a population of 1.2 billion with China being the first with 1.3 billion.
  • It is also one of the most beautiful countries since it has many land forms such as mountains, plains, plateaus, deserts and islands.
    worldindiamap

Himalayan Ranges

  • Mountains are the portions of the Earth that rise steeply from the surrounding area. A chain of mountains form a range.
  • All along the north of our country lays the mighty Himalayan mountain ranges. These ranges have some of the highest peaks in the world.
  • Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world, is a part of the Himalayan range.
  • The high peaks are covered with snow throughout the year.
  • The mountain region is extremely cold.
  • Many of our big rivers like Ganga, Yamuna and Brahmaputra start from the Himalayas. As they flow down to the plains, several smaller rivers join the main river.
  • The melting snow from the mountains keep these rivers fed through the hot and dry summer months.
  • If we move down the Himalayas to the lower slopes we find thick forests. This is called the Terai Region.
Ganga,Yamuna,Brahmaputra Mount Everest

Northern Plains

  • Plains are vast expanses of flat or gently rolling land.
  • We go down to the south of the Himalayas; we come to the Northern Plains of India. This is also called the Gangetic Plain.
  • Many rivers like Ganga and Yamuna flow through these plains. This makes the land very fertile and most suited for cultivation.
  • The region is thickly populated. Many well-known cities and towns are located along the banks of the rivers Ganga and Yamuna.
  • In the plains it is very hot in summer and cold in winter.
plains

Thar Desert

  • A large area of land covered with sand is called a desert. As we travel to the North-Western part of our country we can see miles and miles of sand. This area is called the Great Indian Desert or the Thar Desert.
  • This region gets very little rainfall. The climate here is dry and hot in summer, and cold in winter.
  • Life in desert is difficult. The desert region is not thickly populated.
  • The camel is commonly used in desert for transport. It is called the ship of the desert.
  • desert
    Great Indian Desert (Thar Desert)

Deccan Plateau

  • The southern part of India is a peninsula. A peninsula is a piece of land jutting into the sea and surrounded by large water bodies on its three sides.
  • The Indian Peninsula has the Bay of Bengal to its east, the Arabian Sea to its west, and the Indian Ocean to its south.
  • This part of India is called the Southern Plateau or the Deccan Plateau.
  • A plateau is a flat-topped region that is raised above the surrounding land.
  • Deccan Plateau
  • The Deccan Plateau region has many rivers like the Krishna, Kaveri, Godavari and Mahanadi.
  • These rivers are rain-fed. They often become dry during summer, unlike the snow fed rivers of the north. This region is very rich in minerals.
  • Some parts of the plateau are covered with thick forests. This region has a moderate climate that is neither too hot nor too cold.
  • To the west of the Deccan Plateau are mountains called the Western Ghats. To the east of the Deccan Plateau are mountains called the Eastern Ghats. These mountains are not as high as those in the Himalayan Range.
  • There are narrow strips of plain land along the east and west coast of India. They are called Coastal Plains.

The Islands

  • An island is a piece of land surrounded by water.
  • In the Bay of Bengal, there is a group of islands called the Andaman and Nicober Islands.
  • In the Arabian Sea, a group of islands called the Lakshadweep Island. These islands are part of our country.
  • islands
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