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Class - : Array
One Word Answer Questions:
Q) What is the highest Mountain range on the Earth?
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Q) Which animal is found in the desert?
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Q) What is the low land called that lies between mountains or hills called?
    
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Q) What type of trees are grown in Costal areas?
    
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Q) The Largest part of our area is covered with what?
    
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Short Answer Questions:
Q) What is a Desert?
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Q) What is land?
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Q) Describe our Earth?
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Q) What are Mountains?
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Q) What is a Forest?
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Beaks

Food:

  • Different birds eat different kinds of food.
  • Birds eat grains, fruits and seeds, insects, fish and other small animals.
  • Birds have beaks and claws to catch, hold and eat their food.
Factors and Multiples

Beaks:

  • Birds eat with the help of their beaks.
  • They do not have teeth, they either swallow the food whole or use their beak to break or tear food into small pieces before swallowing.
  • Shape of the beak depends on the kind of the food they eat.
beak

Different kinds of beaks:-

Short, hard & pointed beak Sparrow, Pigeon, Peacock To pick up seeds & worms
Strong & curved Parakeets To crack open fruits & nuts
Short and broad beak. Sticky on the inside.Insects get stuck inside the sticky beak. Swallow Feeds on insects
Strong and pointed beak Wood pecker Acts like a chisel to remove bark and find insects hiding inside. It has very long tongue which is sticky at the tip for catching insects.
Long , thin & pointed beak Humming bird To suck nectar from the flower
Long, thin & slightly curved beak Hoopoe Pull out insects from holes in the ground
Broad & flat beaks with tiny holes at the side Ducks & Swans Scoop muddy water along with plants & insects.Muddy water flows out through the holes, leaving plants & insects inside.
Long, broad and pointed Kingfisher and Herons Eat fish from water
Strong, sharp hooked Eagles, Hawks, Kites, Vultures Beaks to tear the flesh

Feet and claws

Feet and claws

  • Birds have different kinds of feet and claws depending on how and where they live.
  • They use their feet and claws to catch and hold their food.
  • They use them to fight and to move.
Feet and Claws

Perching birds

  • Sparrows and Crow
  • Three toes in front and at the back
  • These help them to hold on the branch of a tree and sit on it.This is called Perching
  • The grip is so strong that they do not fall off even when they are sleeping on the branch
Feet and Claws

Scratching birds

  • Hens scratch the ground for seeds and worms
  • They have strong legs with three toes in front and one at the back. The toes have sharp hard claws to dig the ground
Hen

Climbing birds

Wood peckers have two sharp, clawed toes pointing in front and two at the back. It helps them to grasp the sides of trees and balance while they peck the wood
Flesh-eating birds: They use their feet to capture their prey Eg: Eagles, Hawks.They have powerful feet with curved and sharp claws called Talons

Feet and Claws

Swimming birds

  • Birds like ducks have webbed feet
  • Have three toes in front and one at the back
  • Front toes are joined by flaps of skin called web
  • Webbed feet are used like paddles to push back water swimming
Duck Webbed feet

Birds like cranes, flamingoes, herons

  • Have long and thin legs with long thin and spread out toes
  • When they wade in the water, their legs do not sink into the soft mud
  • Ostrich is a flightless bird
  • Has strong legs & sharp claws to rocket itself from its enemies
  • Uses its strong legs to walk & run
  • The ostrich is a flightless bird has strong legs and sharp claws
Ostrich

Bird fly & Nesting Habits

How does a bird fly

  • Birds have small light and fluffy feathers which cover their body and keep them warm called down feathers
  • The long and stiff flight feather are on the wings and fails helps the bird fly
  • Birds shed their feathers from time to time and new feathers grow in their place
  • Birds have two wings which help them to fly
  • Wings have flight feathers and are attached to the body with strong muscles
  • There muscles are used to flap the wings
  • Body of a bird is shaped like a boat
  • Their bones are hallow and light
  • The tail helps with the speed and direction
  • There features of a bird help it to fly easily
  • Birds flap their wings up and down to fly
  • Upward movement of wings is known as upstroke
  • Downward movement is known as down stroke
  • Sparrows & humming birds
  • Flap their wings
  • Kite glide in the sky
  • Have strong wings and do not flap them often
  • Ostrich & the kiwi cannot fly at all
bird fly

Nesting Habits

  • Birds build nests
  • Build nest on the ground and in trees and bushes
  • Nests are made of dry grass and twigs
  • Mud is also used quite often to make nests
  • Soft things like moss, feathers, wool, or grass are used for lining the nest from inside birds build different kinds of nests
Nesting Habits

The tailor bird

  • Tailor bird uses its beak like a needle to sew to large leaves together with plant fibres to form a nest. Each stitch is tied in a knot.
Nesting Habits

The weaver bird

  • Weaves a nest of grass in a tree.
  • Nest is made soft from inside with the help of feathers.
  • Looks like a bottle hanging upside down.
  • The bird enter its home through a tunnel like opening at the bottom of the nest.
Nesting Habits

The Wood Pecker

Wood Pecker

  • Wood pecker pecks the bark of a tree to make a hole . It lines its nest with chips of wood.
Woodpecker

The penguin

  • Penguin collects a few pebbles and stones to make a nest on the ground the penguin hold the egg on its legs to keep them off the cold ground.
Penguins

Caring for young

  • The mother bird lays eggs in the nest.
  • Sits on them to keep them warm.
  • Eggs hatch and baby bird comes out.
  • Parents feed them for about two weeks.
  • Parents push food.
  • Baby birds open their eyes after a few days.
  • Feather grows on the body and they learn to fly.
Woodpecker
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