Subtraction 1 To 10

 Mind Maps

Class III - Maths: Subtractions
Q) From 9 take away 4 ,we get ?

Q) From 5 take away 3 ,we get ?

Q) From 4 take away 1 ,we get ?

Q) From 8 take away 0 ,we get ?

Q) From 6 take away 3 ,we get ?

Q) Pinky had 7 sweets.She gave 3 sweets to her friend.How many are left now?

Q) Subtract 6 - 0 - 5 = ?

Q) Subtract 9 - 4 - 1 = ?

Q) Subtract 7 - 4 = ?

Q) Subtract 8 - 2 - 1 = ?

Q) Using the image write the answers for the questions

Q) Theere were 8 children sitting on a table.3 children got up and went away.How many children arev left now?

Q) Karan had 10 sweets.He have 5 sweets to neha.How many sweets are left now?

Q) There were 9 oranges in a basket.6 were eaten.How many oranges are left now?

Q) There were 5 packets of chips.2packets were taken away.How many packets are left now?

Subtraction

The first number in a subtraction is called minuend. The number from which another number is to be subtracted is called subtrahend.

minuend - subtrahend = difference
55 - 15 = 40

For example:

Minuend - Subtrahend = Difference

Minuend:The number that is to be subtracted from.

Subtrahend: The number that is to be subtracted.

Difference: The result of subtracting one number from another.

#### Definition

• Subtraction is a mathematical operation that represents the operation of removing objects from a collection.
• It is signified by the minus sign (−).
• #### For example:

• In the picture on the right, there are 5 − 2 apples—meaning 5 apples with 2 taken away, which is a total of 3 apples.
• Therefore, 5 − 2 = 3.
• #### Count And Write In The Boxes

Out of 8 bananas 5 five bananas were eaten.

How many bananas are left?

3 bananas are left.

"When some things are taken away, they are being subtracted".

• The '-'sign shows subtraction.
• Use the sign '-' instead of 'take away'.
• Subtraction is written using the minus sign "−" between the terms.
• The result is expressed with an equals sign.
• #### For example:

• 2-1=1 "two minus one equals one"
• 4-2=2 "four minus two equals two"
• 6-3=3 "six minus three equals three"
• 4-6=-2 "four minus six equals negative two"

#### Cross Out, Say, And Write

• From 6, take away 4.
• Say 6 minus 4 equals 2
• Write 6 - 4 = 2
• From 9, take away 5.
• Say 9 minus 5 equal 4.
• Write 9 - 5 = 4
• From 5, take away 2.
• Say 5 minus 2 equal 3 or write 5 - 2 = 3
Subtracting With Two Digits

1.Sahitya and Spoorthi pluck 39 roses in the garden. 27 roses are red and the remaining are yellow. How many yellow roses did they pluck?
Solution:

33 is greater than 22. 33 is minuend and 22 is subtrahend.
33-22=?

- H T O
3 3
2 2
1 1

2.Jansi had 55 books. She kept 34 books in the almirah. How many more books does she need to keep in the almirah?
Solution:

55 is greater than 34. 55 is minuend and 34 is subtrahend.
55-34=?

- H T O
5 5
3 4
2 1

3.Ananya bought two baskets of mangoes. In one basket there are 33 mangoes. In the other basket there are 11 mangoes less than the previous one. How many mangoes are there in the other basket?
Solution:

33 is greater than 11. 33 is minuend and 11 is subtrahend.
33-11=?

- H T O
3 3
1 1
2 2

Subtracting With Three Digits

1.How much money did Lakshmi earn? Lakshmi sells mangoes. She purchased mangoes for 111 and sold them for 211. How much money did she earn?
Solution:

211 is greater than 111. 211 is minuend and 111 is subtrahend.
211-111=?

- H T O
2 1 1
1 1 1
1 0 0

2.Vijaya got 331 marks in her half-yearly exam. She got 451 marks in her annual exam. How many more marks did Vijaya get in the annual exam?

- H T O
4 5 1
3 3 1
1 2 0

Subtracting With Two Digits

How to subtract two digit numbers

#### For example :

67 - 45

• Place one number above the other so the tens' place digits and ones' place digits are lined up. Draw a line under the bottom number.
• 67

45

• Subtract the two digits in the ones' place column. (7 - 5 = 2).
• 67
45
___
2
___

• Subtract the digits in the tens' place column (6 - 4 = 2) and place the answer below the line in the tens' place column.
• 67
45
___
22
___

• If the ones' place digit that is being subtracted is larger than the top ones' place digit, decrease the top tens' place digit by one and increase the top ones' place value by ten before subtracting.
• Subtract 60 with 50
- H T O
6 0
5 0
1 0
• Subtract 67 with 50
- H T O
6 7
5 0
1 7
• Subtract 77 with 30
- H T O
7 7
3 0
4 7
Subtracting With Three Digits

How to subtract three digit numbers

#### For example:

658 - 472

• Place one number above the other so that the hundreds', tens' and ones' places are lined up. Draw a line under the bottom number.
• 658

472

• Subtract the digits in the ones' place column (8 - 2 = 6) and place the answer below the line in the ones' place column.
• 658
472
___
6
___

• Subtract the numbers in the tens' place column (5 - 7 = ?). Borrow one from the hundreds' place to make the top value larger than the bottom value. After this is done, subtract (15 - 7 = 8) and place the 8 below the line in the tens' place column.
• 5
658
472
_____
86
_____

• Subtract the digits in the hundreds' place column (5 - 4 = 1) and place the answer below the line in the hundreds' place column
• 5
658
472
_____
186
_____

• Subtract 460 with 250?
- H T O
4 6 0
2 5 0
2 1 0
• Subtract 367 with 150?
- H T O
3 6 7
1 5 0
2 1 7
• Subtract 277 with 130?
- H T O
2 7 7
1 3 0
1 4 7
Subtraction of Two Digits with borrow

1.Sahitya and Spoorthi pluck 31 roses in the garden. 22 roses are red and the remaining are yellow. How many yellow roses did they pluck?
Solution:

31 is greater than 22. 31 is minuend and 22 is subtrahend.
31-22=?

- H T O
32 111
2 2
0 9

2.Jansi had 53 books. She kept 34 books in the almirah. How many more books does she need to keep in the almirah?
Solution:

53 is greater than 34. 55 is minuend and 34 is subtrahend.
53-34=?

- H T O
5 3
3 4
1 9

3.Ananya bought two baskets of mangoes. In one basket there are 33 mangoes. In the other basket there are 11 mangoes less than the previous one. How many mangoes are there in the other basket?
Solution:

33 is greater than 11. 33 is minuend and 11 is subtrahend.
33-14=?

- H T O
32 313
1 4
1 9

Subtracting With Three Digits

How much money did Lakshmi earn? Lakshmi sells mangoes. She purchased mangoes for 112 and sold them for 211. How much money did she earn?
Solution:

211 is greater than 112. 211 is minuend and 111 is subtrahend.
211-112=?

- H T O
21 1010 111
1 1 2
0 9 9

4.Vijaya got 332 marks in her half-yearly exam. She got 451 marks in her annual exam. How many more marks did Vijaya get in the annual exam?
Solution:

- H T O
4 54 111
3 3 2
1 1 9

Subtracting of Two Digits with borrow
1. Subtract 53 with 60?
- H T O
65 010
5 3
0 7
2. Subtract 59 from 67?
- H T O
65 717
5 9
0 8
3. Subtract 39 from 77?
- H T O
76 717
3 8
3 9
Subtracting of Three Digits with borrow
1. Subtract 252 from 460?
- H T O
4 65 010
2 5 2
2 0 8
2. Subtract 367,158?
- H T O
3 65 717
1 5 8
2 0 9
3. Subtract 277,139?
- H T O
2 76 717
1 3 9
1 3 8
Worksheet
Subtracting With Two Digits
1. Subtract 27 with 14
2. Subtract 98 with 37
3. Subtract 61 with 12
4. Subtract 97 with 63
5. Subtract 71 with 50
Subtracting With Three Digits
1. Subtract 237 with 145
2. Subtract 978 with 347
3. Subtract 621 with 190
4. Subtract 947 with 673
5. Subtract 711 with 550
Subtraction of Two Digits with borrow
1. Subtract 63 with 39
2. Subtract 88 with 36
3. Subtract 51 with 13
4. Subtract 94 with 61
5. Subtract 73 with 56
Subtraction of Three Digits with borrow
1. Subtract 637 with 398
2. Subtract 878 with 369
3. Subtract 561 with 193
4. Subtract 949 with 619
5. Subtract 711 with 568
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